Christian Faith Chapters 10-12
Terms in this set (79)
Conservative Lutherans practice "close(d) Communion" because
they want to prevent people from receiving the Lord's Supper to their harm
What are the means of grace?
Gospel (Word of God), Baptism, Holy Communion
In the words of institution for the Lord's Supper, the word "is" is taken literally by which two Christian denominations?
Lutheran and Roman Catholic
a new birth whereby God makes us His children through the forgiveness of sins
The Roman Catholic explanation of how the body and blood of Christ are in the Sacrament of Holy Communion is summarized by which term?
The forgiveness of sins in the sacraments is based upon
God's word of forgiveness which is joined to the elements in the sacraments
Which of the following best describes the modern day Evangelical Christian (non-Lutheran) understanding of Christ's body and blood in the Lord's Supper?
What does it mean that the Holy Spirit sanctifies us?
The Holy Spirit makes us holy through forgiveness of sins which leads us to do good works
Which of the following best describes the Lutheran understanding of Christ's body and blood in the Lord's Supper?
When the pastor or priest pronounces the forgiveness of sins in absolution
it is certain and true as if God himself were pronouncing the forgiveness
is the loving and firm response of the church to members who commit sins and do not repent
The word baptize, in the Bible, literally means
to wash, or to apply water.
In baptism, when the water which is combined with God s word is applied to a person, God marks the baptized with his own name and he forgives the sins of the baptized person.
The blessings of baptism are
forgiveness of sins.
the Holy Spirit.
life and salvation.
The Gospel is the means of grace whether it comes to us by preaching and teaching or in the sacraments.
A communicant at the Lord s Supper is not only united with Christ, but is also united with all others who share in the sacrament
Since baptism and teaching always belong together
infants are baptized and then instructed.
adults are instructed and then baptized
Baptism was instituted by Jesus Christ.
The word of God in baptism is the name of God himself.
God promises to give us His grace through the means of grace.
Though both Law and Gospel are the inspired word of God, the Law is not a means of grace.
The means of grace are the ways in which God applies the benefits of justification to us
Baptism only forgives sins committed before baptism.
The doctrine of transubstantiation is an attempt to explain how the body and blood of Jesus Christ are present in the Lord s Supper.
In the Lord's Supper, Christ s body and blood are given only to those who truly believe in him.
The instruments which the Holy Spirit uses to give us the forgiveness of sins and to create and strengthen faith are called
The means of grace
Changes to Christ s institution of baptism may raise doubt in the minds of Christians about whether they are baptized.
Jesus said that in the Lord s Supper we eat and drink His body and blood for forgiveness of sins.
Without the word of God, baptism is a human washing only and not a divine baptism
One who is preparing to partake of communion is truly worthy and well prepared when
he or she has faith in the words of Christ, given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.
Historically, the church has never admitted anyone to the Lord s Supper who has not been baptized
The Lord's Supper does not bring someone into the kingdom of God as Baptism does, but it strengthens and confirms the faith of those already in His kingdom.
Bondage of the Will
fallen humans never have free will; we are always affected by our fallen nature, the world and the devil
faith that does not have Christ as its object but rather trusts in itself; faith in faith
Fruits of the Spirit
gifts given by the Holy Spirit that are available to all Christians
ability of human beings to freely make choices regarding their life and experiences; does not apply to spiritual issues
reception of and relational trust in the grace of God; a gift of the Holy Spirit
the complete freedom of human beings to make free, uncoerced decisions in all matters of life including spiritual issues; this view rejects the fallenness of human nature
description of conversion that maintains that the Holy Spirit works conversion and faith in a person without their cooperation
Conversion occurs when the gift of faith is given to an individual.
Before Christ and before conversion all people are
enemies of God.
The Spirit is not a thing or an object but a divine person.
sorrow and repentance over sin
a person must start their own conversion by their own power but needs God s assistance through the sacraments in order to be fully converted
born from above; refers to the new life that the Holy Spirit gives to the Christian
general term for the false view of conversion that depicts God and human beings working together to enact conversion
denies original sin and elevates the role of the human being in conversion; a person converts himself; God starts it and you finish it
the Holy Spirit s gracious work of changing an unbeliever into a believing child of God, apart from the cooperation or works of that individual
human beings freely choose or reject salvation; decision theology
the work of the Holy Spirit of making people holy; the inward, spiritual transformation of a believer that is accomplished by the work of the Holy Spirit
all knowing; one of God s attributes
God s ongoing involvement with and care for his creation
biblical image of salvation that emphasizes the new life that the Holy Spirit gives to the child of God; born again
preset everywhere; one of God s attributes
the work of Christ in which he restored the relationship between God and humanity that had been broken by human sinfulness
A title for the Holy Spirit; comforter
Since conversion is entirely passive then God forces it upon all who believe.
The Holy Spirit gives life in two ways: spiritually and physically.
How many fruits of the Spirit are given to Christians?
The Holy Spirit is (select all correct)
Faith is trust in God and in His promises.
The Bible gives other titles to the Holy Spirit which describe his character
The Spirit awakens faith in us through the means of grace.
The object of our saving faith is our belief in God.
The fruits of the Spirit are given to all Christians.
to changes one s mind or heart.
In the Nicene Creed, Christians confess that the Spirit is
Lord and Giver of Life.
Faith is NOT
a human work.
general belief in the existence of God.
mere knowledge about Jesus and the historical facts of the Gospel.
The word spirit in the Bible can mean
living beings that do not have a material body.
life or the soul.
breath or wind.
Sanctification in the narrow sense is
an inward spiritual transformation of a believer through the miraculous working of the Holy Spirit.
The word of God is what makes us holy.
Which words are NOT an image of sanctification?
Vivification a Christian is dead to him- or herself but alive to God in Christ Jesus
Struggle Christian does not do the good he or she wants, but the evil he or she does not want is what he or she keeps on doing.
New self the old soiled clothes are removed and Christians are clothed in new, fresh, clean clothes of the righteousness in Christ.
Correct None of these answers
After God declares us righteous (justification), immediately the Holy Spirit works a change in us through the same means that created our faith: the Gospel; this change is sanctification, and the result is that good works flow from the Christian s life.
A saving faith doesn t necessarily produce good works.
The teaching that Christians can be perfectly sanctified and holy in this life with no sinful nature is called
Sanctification (in the narrow sense) is the Holy Spirit's creation of a new spiritual life in a person.
What is our motivation and what inspires us or works in us to produce good works?
God's word of Gospel
Because sanctification begins with the renewal of one s heart through faith,
sanctification is not always visible.
In Sanctification we attain spiritual perfection meaning that we are free from our sinful nature.
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