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the character who opposes the protagonist (the character whom readers want to see succeed)


a person or animal who takes part in the action of literary work


the act of creating and developing a character

Direct characterization

the author directly states a character's traits

Indirect characterization

the author uses this when showing a character's personality through his or her actions, thoughts, feelings, words and appearance or through another character's observations and reactions


a struggle between opposing forces

Internal conflict

involves a character that is conflict with himself or herself

External conflict

the main character struggles against an outside force such as another person, society, or nature


prose writing (as opposed to poetry) that tells about imaginary characters and events. The term is usually used for novels and short stories


the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur in the story. The use of this technique helps to create SUSPENSE, keeping the reader wondering and guessing and about what will happen next.


the general term of literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, expectations and result or meaning and intention


a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else


a speaker or character who tells a story and it can be a character in the story or and outside observer


the sequence of events in literary work


is the setting and characters

Inciting incident

the thing that starts the conflict

Rising action

events leading up to the climax


the most important event in the story

Falling action

events after the climax


the ending of the story

Point of view

the perspective or vantage point from which a story is told

First person point of view

if the narrator is part of the action of the story

Third person point of view

the narrator is someone outside the action of the story


the main character in a work of fiction, the character the readers would like to see succeed

Science Fiction

writing that tells about imaginary events that involve science or technology


the time and place of the action in a literary work

Short story

a brief work of fiction


a figure of speech in which like or as is used to make a comparison between two basically two unlike things or ideas


a feeling of curiosity or uncertainty about the out come of events in a literary work


the central message or insight into life revealed through the literary work

In "The Contents of the Dead Man's Pocket, how does Tom's attitude toward life change from the beginning of the story to the end of the story and what sort of changes do you imagine he will make in his life as a result of his experience out on the ledge and how does this reflect the theme of the story

Tom was a very devoted to his working the begging but at the end of the story Tom attitude towards to the importance of his life and he is going to spend more time with his wife. This reflects the theme of the story because the old Tom died and a new Tom came

What is the climax of "The Monkey's Paw" and describe the three events that help build the suspense in the story until the climax

the climax is when Mrs. White opens the door to the house and three events leading to the story is 1) making the first wish 2)Herbert went to work 3) they recieve the money to bury Herbert

What is the setting of "There Will Come Soft Rains" and why is it important to the events that take place in the story


From what point of view is "By The Waters of Babylon" told and describe two ways this adds to the mystery of the story by using specific examples from the text


What is the main conflict in the story "Leiningen Versus the Ants" and is it and internal or external conflict and why


What is the conflict the natives or peons face in "Leiningen Versus the Ants" and is it an internal or external conflict and why


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