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25 terms

Art History Chapter 17

STUDY
PLAY
Ambulatory
a covered walkway, outdoors or indoors;especially passage way around the apse
Radiating Chapel
semicircular chapel cutout of the wall of a church, usually for relic display
Portal
A door, gate, or entrance
Voussoir
wedge-shaped stone building block used in constructing an arch or vault
archivolt
curved molding formed by the voussoirs making up an arch
tympanum
half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.
trumeau
center post supporting the lintel in the middle doorway
lintel
horizontal beam used as a finishing piece over a door or window
jamb
upright consisting of a vertical side member of a door or window frame
Bay
The space between two columns, or one unit in the nave arcade of a church; also passageway to arcuated gated
Gallery/tribunal level
narrow recessed balcony area along an upper floor on the interior of a building
Clerestory
the fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts
Cloister
a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions)
Liege lord
In the feudal system, a lord who has many vassals, but owes allegiance to no one
Feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Compound piers
A pier with a group, or cluster , of attached shafts, or responds, especially characteristic of Gothic architecture.
Transverse arch
an arch which crosses from one side of the nave to the other side at a 90 degree angle
crypt
a cellar or vault or underground burial chamber (especially beneath a church)
historiated
ornamented with representations, such as plants animals or human figures that have a narrative
bestiary
a collecion of illustrations of real and imaginary animals
diaphragm arch
a transverse, wall bearing arch that divides a vault or a ceiling into compartments, providing a kind of firebreak
sexpartite vault
rib vault with six ribs meeting at the centre of a bay
quadrant arch
an arch whose curve extends for one quarter of a circle's circumference
Laid-and-crouch-work
in embroidery; work that creates solid blocks of color
Tapestry
a heavy handwoven reversible textile used for hangings, curtains, and upholstery and characterized by complicated pictorial designs