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Missouri State University Theater Lecture class with Foster

Which type of critic expresses thoughts with precision, clarity, and grace, through the careful building up of ideas, a presentation of evidence, logical argument, the use of helpful analogy and example, and a clear style of expression?

the articulate critic

Generally the playwright is more intelligent and better informed than the members of the audience.


What form does professional dramatic criticism take?

production reviews , scholarly works, and online blogs and journals

A member of the audience may see a play from five different critical and dramaturgical perspectives. What are five perspectives?

social, personal, artistic, theatrical, and entertainment value

Dramaturgy is essentially a subset of directorial responsibilities


Plays that deal with theatrical matter not simply as a vehicle but as a theme are called

metadrama or metatheatre.

__________ argued for light as the guiding principle of all design and defined the role of the modern lighting designer.

Adolphe Appia

Scholarly critics ordinarily write with a comprehensive knowledge of a specific subject.


Scholarly dramatic criticism is itself a literary art, of which works by Aristotle, Goethe, Shaw, and Nietzsche have outlasted their presumed subjects and helped shape our vision of life.


In describing dramatic space as "psycho-plastic," which "scenographer" (Europe's most celebrated in the 20thcentury) said "The goal of a designer can no longer be a description of a copy of actuality, but the creation of its multidimensional model?"

Joseph Svoboda

The movement toward scenic abstraction began with the theoretical and occasionally practical works of Adolphe Appia


Dramatic criticism usually appears in all the following forms EXCEPT

annotated versions of a playscript used in production.

All plays and play productions can be usefully analyzed and evaluated on the way they use the theatrical format to the best advantage and make us rethink the nature of theatrical production.


Scholarly critics generally write

detailed, comprehensive, and rigorously researched articles without the deadline or space limitations of newspapers

The journalist's review generally is

limited to a brief, immediate reaction written within a few days of seeing the performance.

The public form of play analysis following a production is called

dramatic critisism

How did Stanislavsky contribute to realist theatre?

He brought realist acting to realist plots

The spectacularly successful Broadway musical that won a record-shattering twelve Tony Awards in 2002, directed and choreographed by Susan Stroman, is

The Producers

Postmodernism relates to previous artistic movements in all the following ways EXCEPT

postmodern theatre attempts to illuminate the received truths of realism

The chief theoretician of naturalism was Voltaire.


Flashbacks that are not clearly framed as such, shuttling instead between time zones without narrative warning, are examples of

nonlinear theater

Which full-length black musical comedy challenged the old custom of white actors' "blacking up," was written and performed by African Americans (some in white face), and employed the emerging ragtime musical syncopations of early black revues?

Bob Cole's A Trip to Coontown (1898)

Which type of drama fits the following description: the theatre becomes a part of the content of play production, not merely the vehicle


If you were to join a discussion about macaronic drama, you would be chatting about plays that

include speeches in different languages.

Which American playwright created works, including Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, Fences, and The Piano Lesson, that portray the entire twentieth-century history of black America?

August Wilson

Avant-garde means, literally, "the major assault" or "shock troops."


Which genre, introduced in the golden age of the musical, is characterized by increasingly serious plots and sophisticated musical treatments

musical drama

Which artist (b. 1930), credited with changing the face of the American musical, developed a new style featuring disturbing plots, an ironic tone, and sophisticated, intricately rhymed lyrics?

Stephen Sondheim

The founding playwright of the realist era was

Henrik Ibsen

Which Texas-born theatre and performance artist received critical attention for his tableaux vivant and was invited to create the central performance work of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Festival, the CIVIL warS?

Robert Wilson

This playwright, born in Germany in 1898, emerged from World War I as a dedicated Marxist and pacifist, and consolidated his theories about drama into a body of plays that include The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny and The Good Person of Szechuan

Bertolt Brecht

Founded by Luis Valdez in 1965, which contemporary Chicano theatre was created to dramatize the farm workers' situation in California through didactic actos?

Teatro Campesino

Eschewing realism, romanticism, and rationality to create relentlessly unenlightening plays, which playwright said, "Art has nothing to do with clarity, does not dabble in the clear, and does not make clear?"

Samuel Beckett

Opera bouffe is a type of lightweight, sentimental musical.


Which of the following is true of performance art?

Performance art creates a provocative association of unexpected impressions around a given theme.

The first black musical, in 1921, to dominate a full Broadway season was Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle's Shuffle Along


The theatre where Chekhov collaborated with Konstantin Stanislavsky is the Moscow Art Theatre


Which lyricist said that he barely dared "place a timid encroaching foot on the territory" of the "masters" and instead sought to write "a more primitive type of lyric . . . expressing my own true convictions and feelings," among them the following famous words from Oklahoma! : "Oh, what a beautiful mornin'! Oh, what a beautiful day!"

Oscar Hammerstein II

Postmodern playwrights and directors are mainly concerned with

the discontinuity meaning

Which of the following statements correctly characterizes the major development of the musical form in roughly the first third (1900-1920) of the twentieth century?

It marked the age of the great musical comedy

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