AP notes Renaissance
Terms in this set (33)
Who was Jan van Eyck?
A flemish painter known for his realism. Bethrothal of Arnolfini
What flemish painter was known for his landscapes and depicted the lives of common people?
Pieter Bruegal the Elder
Who wrote The Prince?
What was The Prince about?
A handbook for the rulers of the Italian city-states, recommended rulers be realistic and separate from the church
Baldassare Castiglione wrote what book?
Book of the Courtier that created an image of the Renaissance Man a one with a broad education
What was The Decameron?
A collection of 100 stories mocking feudalism and the nobility written by Giovanni Boccaccio
What did Miguel Cervantes write?
Don Quixote to mock the concept of chivalry in medieval Spain
Who was the English poet and playwright that explored themes of jealousy, greed, ambition, and love?
What did William Shakespeare's works focus on?
A characters strength and flaws
Examples of Shakespearean plays
Romeo and Juliet, Othello, The Taming of the Shrew, Richard 3, Julius Caesar, and Macbeth
What was William also known for other than his plays?
His sonnets that were first perfected by Petrarch
Who used literature to give Christians a better guide to faith?
Who wrote Utopia?
Sir Thomas More
What was Utopia about?
It was a perfect society without classes or money
What two Christian Humanists used literature to help christians faith?
Sir Thomas More and Erasmus
What time period developed a reliance on human reason for understanding scientific phenomena?
The Scientific Revolution (1500-1750)
What did people start basing their knowledge of the natural world off of in the scientific revolution?
Empirical evidence (verifiable by observation) and mathematics
What did they reject of the Middle Ages that limited inquiry?
Who theorized the Earth revolved around the sun and rotated on its axis (1543)?
What did the Heliocentric theory go against?
The geocentric theory
What did Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler do?
They expanded the Copernican model to state that the planets move on elliptical orbits
Who used a telescope to observe the milky way is a collection of stars?
What was Galileo's 3 main ideas?
The Milky Way is a collection of stars, the moons light is reflected from the sun, and other planets have moons
Galileo's book was put on what list?
The "Index of Forbidden Books"
Who was Sir Isaac Newton?
A man who developed calculus and wrote an encyclopedia of natural laws called the Principia Mathematica; described the laws of motion and the universal law of gravity
Who advanced the scientific method stating only experimentation and observation led to proper conclusions?
Sir Francis Bacon
Who was Rene Descartes?
Created analytic geometry and famously said, "I think therefore I am"
Who diagramed the circulatory system as other doctors invented the small pox vaccine?
Who denied the existence of God entirely?
What are deists?
People that argued god created a world operating by natural laws and did not interfere directly
What three artistic styles were used in Renaissance art?
Light and shadow to create full forms, oil paints that they mixed to create new and brighter colors, and linear perspective creating a 3D effect putting closer objects bigger and shrinking closer to the focus point
Whats the significance of the printing press?
The printing press let people from all walks of life be able to acquire information from all the innovation going on because of the mass production of books. The books became much cheaper because of their numbers
What did merchants do to gain power?
They traded on new trade routes to gain power and became patrons of becoming artists to gain more money from their successes
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Age of Exploration
The world to 1750