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______________ is the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and uses it for to make food.
Obtain energy directly or indirectly from the energy of the sunlight
Nearly all living things __________________________________________ that is captured during photosynthesis.
An organism that makes its own food is a producer or an _____________________ (ex: Plants)
An organism that cannot make its own food (ex: animals) is a consumer or ____________________.
Convert carbon dioxide and water into sugars and oxygen
During photosynthesis, plants and some other organisms absorb energy from the sun and use the energy to ________________________________.
_________________ is what gives plants their green color and where the plant captures the sun's energy.
______ is the process of cells obtaining energy from glucose.
During _____, cells break down glucose and other molecules from food in the presence of oxygen, releasing energy.
During cellular respiration, _____ is released and ____ is used.
______ is an energy releasing process that does not require oxygen.
Cells are ______ which means that some substances can cross the cell membrane while others can not.
Active or passive transports
Substances that can move into and out of a cell by means of _______ and _____.
_____ is the moving of dissolved materials across a cell membrane without using the cell's energy.
____ is a type of passive transport where a material becomes less concentrated.
______ is the diffusion of water across the selectively permeable cell membrane.
____ is the movement of materials across the cell membrane using cellular energy.
When large particles must be moved, like food, ______ helps materials enter the cell through ____. Both require energy energy so they are active transports.
A/an _______________ is an substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
_____________ form when two or more elements combine chemically.
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.
Some important groups of organic compounds that living things need are _____________________.
_______________ are energy-rich organic compounds made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
__________ are fats, oils, and waxes made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
_______________ are large organic molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
_______________ are proteins that speed up chemical reactions in living things.
________________ are very long organic molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus. (Ex: DNA)
_____________ is the genetic material that carries information which is presented as a double helix.
About ________ of all human body is water, which is needed for chemical reactions, keeping a cell's shape, and for diffusion.
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