Upgrade to remove ads
Glossary or Terms for Lyric Poetry
Terms in this set (71)
any fairly short poem consisting of the utterance of a single speaker, who expresses a state of mind or a process of perception, thought, and feeling
idea or generalization
can be known directly by the senses
a representation of a sense experience
a word's primary signification or reference
the range of secondary or associated significations and feelings which it
commonly suggests or implies
expressions which are not meant literally, but to some extent must be
a figurative comparison between unlike things using "like," "as," or "as if"
a figurative comparison between unlike things; a word or expression that in literal usage denotes one kind of thing is applied to a distinctly different kind of thing, without asserting a comparison
giving the characteristics of a human being to an animal, object, or
(Gr. "change of name") the literal term for one thing is applied to another with which it is closely associated because of a recurrent relationship in a common experience (e.g.
"Hollywood" for "the film industry")
(Gr. "taking together") a part of something is used to signify the whole, or, more
rarely, the whole is used to signify the part
a word or phrase, usually concrete, that denotes an object or event, which in its turn
signifies something, usually abstract, or has a range of reference, beyond itself
a short narrative, in prose or verse, that exemplifies an abstract moral thesis or principle
of human behavior; usually at its conclusion, either the narrator or a character states the moral in
the form of an epigram
a passing reference, without explicit identification, to a literary or historical person,
place, or event, or to another literary work or passage
a seeming contradiction which appears to be logically contradictory or absurd, yet
turns out to be interpretable in a way that makes sense
a paradox that joins two words that are usually contraries
bold overstatement, usually for a serious, comic or ironic effect
understatement for effect
ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its
contrary (e.g. my wife is not unattractive)
when the last stressed vowel of two words and any sounds following that vowel share an
identical sound (way and say, ringing and singing)
rhyme that falls on a single stressed syllable (well and fell)
rhyme consists of a stressed syllable followed by one or more unstressed
syllables (fountains and mountains)
rhyme that occurs at the ends of poetic lines
rhyme formed within a line of poetry
words whose endings are spelled alike, and in most instances, were once
pronounced alike, but have in the course of time acquired different pronunciations (daughter and
laughter, prove and love)
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
the repetition of vowel sounds
the repetition of consonant sounds
using words that imitate the sound they denote (buzz and murmur
a term applied to language which strikes the ear as smooth, pleasant, or musical
also called dissonance- language which is perceived as harsh, rough, and unmusical
rough, heavy-footed, and jerky versification, but also verse that is monotonously
regular in meter and tritely conventional in sentiment
the act of determining the component feet of a line of verse
a recognizable though varying pattern in the beat of the stresses (the more forcefully uttered, hence louder syllables)
the arrangement of rhythmic beats in verse. The meter of a poem is determined by the predominant metrical foot, and by the total number of feet per line that predominates in the poem. For example, a poem written in iambic
pentameter consists mostly of lines that contain 5 metrical feet, the majority of which are iambs.
the smallest unit of meter.
a missing final unstressed syllable at the end of a line of verse. Many trochaic lines
lack the final unstressed syllable, and are therefore catalectic:
two consecutive lines that share similar meter and end-rhyme
a line of verse that ends in a natural pause, at the end of a sentence, clause, or other syntactic unit, usually indicated by punctuation
a line of verse in which the pressure of an incomplete syntactic unit toward closure carries on over the end of the line into the next, usually without punctuation
a pause within a line of verse, traditionally marked during scansion
also called strong-stress meter, verse in which only the number of stressed syllables per line is consistent, while the number of unstressed syllables is highly variable
a variant of accentual meter developed by Gerard Manley Hopkins: each foot begins with a stressed syllable, which may either stand alone or be associated with from one to
three (or even more) unstressed syllables
the repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of successive phrases,
clauses, sentences, or lines of verse
a division of a poem made by arranging the lines into units separated by a space. Units that share a corresponding number of lines and a recurrent pattern of meter and rhyme are called stanzas. A poem with such divisions is described as having a stanzaic form, but not all
verse is divided in stanzas.
also called "fixed form"- closed or fixed form poems are those that may be categorized by the a pattern of lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas. A sonnet is a fixed form of poetry
because by definition it must have fourteen lines. Other fixed forms include the limerick, sestina,
and villanelle. However, poems written in a fixed form may not always fit into categories precisely, because writers sometimes vary traditional forms to create innovative effects.
also called "free verse"- a fluid form which conforms to no set rules of traditional versification. The "free" in free verse refers to the freedom from fixed patterns of
meter and rhyme, but writers of free verse employ familiar poetic devices such as assonance, alliteration, imagery, caesura, figures of speech etc., and their rhythmic effects are dependent on the syllabic cadences emerging from the context
verse composed in unrhymed iambic pentameter
a literary work which consists of a revealing one-way conversation by a character or persona, usually directed to a second person or to an imaginary audience. It
typically involves a critical moment of a specific situation, with the speaker's words unintentionally providing a revelation of his character
a direct and explicit address either to an absent person or to an abstract or
sonnet- a fixed form consisting of fourteen lines of five-foot iambic verse, usually concerning
love. In the English, also known as the Elizabethan or Shakespearean sonnet, the lines
are grouped in three quatrains (with six alternating rhymes: abab cdcd efef) followed by a rhymed
couplet (gg) which is usually epigrammatic. A variant of the Shakespearean form is the
a poem, unit or stanza of four lines of verse, usually with a rhyme scheme of abab or
its variant, xbyb. It is the most common stanzaic form
two successive lines of poetry, of equal length and rhythmic correspondence, with endwords
a couplet in which the sense and syntax is self-contained within its two lines
a couplet of the Romantic period with run-on lines, in which the thought was carried beyond the rhyming lines of the couplet
a stanza of eight lines sharing a pattern of end rhyme, especially the first eight lines of an
Italian or Petrarchan sonnet
a stanza of six lines sharing a pattern of end rhyme, especially the last six lines of an
Italian or Petrarchan sonnet
a poem in a fixed form, consisting of five three-line stanzas followed by a quatrain and having only two rhymes. In the stanzas following the first, the first and third lines of the first
stanza are repeated alternately as refrains. They are also the final two lines of the concluding quatrain.
a light or humorous verse form of five chiefly anapestic verses of which lines one, two
and five are of three feet and lines three and four are of two feet, with a rhyme scheme of aabba.
The limerick, named for a town in Ireland of that name, was popularized by Edward Lear in his
Book of Nonsense published in 1846.
a long lyric poem that is serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style, and elaborate in its stanza structure
a pithy, sometimes satiric couplet or quatrain which was popular in classic Latin literature and in European and English literature of the Renaissance and the neo-Classical era. Epigrams comprise a single thought or event and are often aphoristic with a witty or humorous
turn of thought.
a short narrative poem with stanzas of two or four lines and usually a refrain. The story of a ballad can originate from a wide range of subject matter but most frequently deals with folklore or popular legends. They are written in straight-forward verse, seldom with detail, but always with graphic simplicity and force. Most ballads are suitable for singing and, while sometimes varied in practice, are generally written in ballad meter, i.e., alternating lines of iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter, with the last words of the second and fourth lines rhyming (xbyb)
a quatrain in alternate four- and three- stress lines; usually only the second and
fourth lines rhyme
a fixed form consisting of six 6-line (usually unrhymed) stanzas in which the end words of the first stanza recur as end words of the following five stanzas in a successively rotating order and as the middle and end words of each of the lines of a concluding envoi in the form of a tercet.
or envoy- a short final stanza of a poem, for example a sestina, serving as a summary or dedication-- like an author's postscript
a unit or group of three lines of verse which are rhymed together or have a rhyme scheme that interlaces with an adjoining tercet.
a poem in a fixed form, consisting of a varying number of 4-line stanzas with lines rhyming alternately; the second and fourth lines of each stanza are repeated to form the first and third lines of the succeeding stanza; the first and third lines of the first stanza form the second and fourth of the last stanza, but in reverse order, so that the opening and closing lines of the poem are identical.
a verse form consisting of tercets, usually in iambic pentameter in English poetry, with a chain or interlocking rhyme scheme, as: aba, bcb, cdc, etc. The pattern concludes with a separate line added at the end of the poem (or each part) rhyming with the second line of the preceding tercet or with a rhyming couplet.
a Japanese form of poetry, also known as hokku. It consists of three unrhymed lines of five, seven and five syllables. The elusive flavor of the form, however, lies more in its touch and tone than in its syllabic structure. Deeply imbedded in Japanese culture and strongly influenced by
Zen Buddhism, haiku are very brief descriptions of nature that convey some implicit insight oressence of a moment.
a five-line stanza of syllabic verse, the successive lines containing two, four, six, eight and two syllables. The cinquain, based on the Japanese haiku, was an innovation of the American poet, Adelaide Crapsey
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Poetic Forms, Structures & Patterns
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
History 9.2 Dates/Vocab
History 9.1 Dates/Vocab
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Bio 172: Chapter 6 (Energy)
NT Survey Test 1 Mr. Young
Dreamweaver Multiple Choice Study Guide
Conservation of energy