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Joan of Arc
French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king during the 100 years war
language spoken in their own regions, such as Italian, German, of French then put into writing
Castiglione, explains the lifestyle of a proper gentleman, ex.) well-versed in poetry, literature, music, dance, etc.
The belief in material things instead of religious things. This was a shift away from Medieval thinking.
Issued the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, allowing the French monarchy to appoint bishops
Court of the Star chamber
court where habeus copus was suspended, reduced aristocratic trouble, had star painted on ceiling
When the Jews where kicked out of Spain they were given the option to leave or become this...., the translation of the Spanish word conversos, referring to Spanish Jews who converted to Christianity in the fourteenth century in order to avoid persecution.
believed in predestination, that God was all knowing and it became the dominant theological credo of the Puritans
Belief that baptism shouldn't happen as a baby. Off shoots of the Anababtists were the Quakers and mennonite
Created the Elizabethan Settlement, which allowed for outward conformity to the Anglican Church but alowed for home practices of the peoples religion of choosing
Peace of Augsburg
Allowed for each prince to pick the religion of his choosing (protestantism or Catholicism)
Peace of Westphalia 1648
Treaty , This was the treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War that recognized the independent authority of over three hundred German principalities
The Columbian Exchange
enormous widespread exchange of plants, animals, food, human population, diseases and ideas; one of the most significant events in the history of world ecology, agriculture and culture between America, Asia, Europe, and Africa.
Part of the Counter Reformation. Displayed a religious theme, red and gold color scheme, dark (sinner) vs. light (saint), and was intensely dramatic. Early Baroque art was dominated by Spain.
Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis
Treaty signed that ended the fighting between France and the italian states
Prime Minister to King Louis XIII, divided France into 32 states and created intendant system for total power
Treaty of the Pyrenees
Trea, The treaty that ended fighting between France and Spain that continued after the Thirty Years' War; the treaty marked the end of Spain's status as a major European power.
Peace of Utrecht
Ended Louis XIV's attempts to gain military power and land. Marked the end of French expansionist policy. Ended the War of Spanish Succession.
King Charles I
Heir to King James, dissolved the parliament because they wouldn't allow for more taxing
Military dictatorship, regulated the British economy and took over the government after the execution of Charles I
Restored the houses of Parliament, He also made a deal with the French in order to relax the laws against Catholics
Brother of King Charles II, Appointed Roman Catholics in all governmental positions in order to stop anti-catholic fears
Law that allowed for a women to rule the Habsburg Empire and for the Habsburg lands to never be divided
Fredrick William I
Prussian King who loved his army and tall soldiers. Created the 4th largest army in Europe
This scientist formulated the experimental method and using this, came up with the law of inertia, among several discoveries related to the moon
This astronomer stated that the orbits of planets around the sun were elliptical, the planets do not orbit at a constant speed, and that an orbit is related to its distance from the sun
This physicist developed the law of universal gravitation and further caused the decline of the old system of science
Concordant of 1801
An agreement in which the pope was to give up all his claims to French land acquired during the revolution, and to allow France to have its own French Bishops. The French had to recognize Catholism as the religion of the majority of French People.
The machice H, This machine played an important role in the mechanization of textile production. Like the spinning wheel, it may be operated by a treadle or by hand. But, unlike the spinning wheel, it can spin more than one yarn at a time. The idea for multiple-yarn spinning was conceived about 1764 by James Hargreaves, an English weaver. In 1770, he patented a machine that could spin 16 yarns at a time. (643, 727)
1780's; Richard Arkwright; powered by horse or water; turned out yarn much faster than cottage spinning wheels, led to development of mechanized looms
Englishman who slipped out the country to share British Secrets with other countries
Conservative Prime Minister of Germany , a German-Austrian politician and statesman, and one of the most important diplomats of his era. He was a major figure on the negotiations leading to and at the Congress of Vienna and is considered both a paradigm of foreign policy management and a major figure on the development of diplomacy.
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