Chapter 6: Lesson 2 The phoemicians and Lydians.
Terms in this set (14)
An ancient nation of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its territory included what are today coastal areas of modern Israel and Lebanon. They were famed as traders and sailors. They developed an alphabet that was adapted by Greeks and Romans into the alphabet used in writing English.
Phoenician sailors returned home with goods from places as far away as Britains and west Africa. Phoenicians port cities as Tyre and Sidon became weathy centers of trade.
Goods that Phoenician merchands trade
1. cloth dyed with Tyrian purple
2. they trade cedar logs to Egypt for use in furnitures and building ships.
3.. They imported many goods, such as gold, cotton, tin (from British mines) as raw material, and ivory.
the buying and selling of goods
Group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land
adapted by greeks and romans much simpler than previous shaped modern alphabet used cuneiform before alphabet most important attribute. They created the alphabet to record their activities. It consisted of 22 letters.
Cultures that adopted Phoenician Alphabet
Israliestes began use the phonicians system in 800s BC adapting to their own language. The Greeks and the Etuscans also adapted it and did their changes. Later Romans adopted and changed to Latin which is the base or many languages, even English.
built lots of settlements across the medditeranian so their ships would have safe places to dock when they traveled.
City located in present-day Tunisia, founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by Rome in the third century B.C.E. (p. 107)
the western Asian peninsula comprising most of modern-day Turkey, known to the Greeks as Anatolia.
gold-rich Asia Minor kingdom that prospered around 600 BC; replaced barter system with coins. It was conquered by Persia. The conquest of Lydia made the Persians wealthy because they gained a port and control over a vast supply of minerals like gold
medium of exchange in trade
allowed merchants- system set prices
replaced earlier barter system- limited trade
created more complex economic system
a form of trade in which people exchange goods and services without the use of money
an economic system based on money rather than barter