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Voss/Miller Science Semester test study
Terms in this set (52)
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
The man that is credited with being the founder of the study of genetics was a monk named ______________.
A _________________ plant has both male and female reproductive structures so that the pollen
from one flower can fertilize the ovule of another flower on the same plant.
When a __________________ plant self pollinates, all of its offspring will have the same trait as the
In ________________, pollen from one plant fertilizes the ovule of a flower on a different plant.
A _______________ is a feature that has different forms in a population. Hair color is an example in humans.
A form of a characteristic, such as brown or red hair is called a ___________.
The trait that is observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred is a called a __________________.
A trait that reappears in the second generation after disappearing in the first generation when parents with different traits are bred is called a _______________________.
The ratio of dominant to recessive traits .
One set of instructions for an inherited trait
One of the alternative forms of a _______ that governs a _________________________ , such as hair color, is called an _____________.
An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristic
The entire genetic makeup of an organism is its ____________ .
A plant with two dominant or two recessive alleles is said to be ____________________ .
A plant that has a combination of one dominant and one recessive trait is said to be _____________________ .
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offspring
The process in which inherited _____________within a ______________ change over generations such that new species sometimes arise is known as ________________.
A _____________is the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in ________________ rock.
historical sequence of life indicated by fossils found in layers of the Earth's crust.
The founder of the theory of evolution
When Darwin reached the ___________ islands, he noticed that the finches there were different from each other. Each bird had adapted to eating a different type of food and this caused a change in their ______________.
The human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits is called ____________________. Give one example of a breed of animal or type of a plant that humans have developed for our use. Ex: milk cows, beef cattle, sheep dogs, corn, soy beans, apple trees
The name of Darwin's book
On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
26. The process by which individuals that are better ___________ to their environment survive and _____________ more successfully that less well adapted individuals do is called ________________.
The period between the birth of one generation and the birth of the next generation
When there is a formation of a new species as a result of evolution
an instrument that gathers electromagnetic radiation from space and concentrates it for better observation.
Large groups of stars, dust and gas
Galaxies that have arms that wind outward from inner regions are ___________ galaxies.
Galaxies that have spiral arms extending from a large bar of stars and gas that pass through the center of the galaxy are called ______________________ galaxies.
The most common, and largest galaxy type is oval or round shaped and are called ______________ galaxies.
_____________________ galaxies have many different shapes and are smaller and less common than the other types.
Sections of the sky that contain recognizable star patterns
This unit is equal to the distance between the Earth and the sun and is 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers in length:
One of the first scientists to use a telescope
The scientist that developed the three laws of planetary motion
In 1543, ________________ published a new theory that the sun was at the center of the universe rather than the Earth.
____________________telescopes used to study visible light from objects in the universe.
__________________"listen" to space by receiving radio waves and transforming these waves into mechanical sound.
_______________________ take heat sensitive pictures of objects in the universe.
The time required for Earth to ___________once on its axis: 23 hours, 56 minutes, 4 seconds or one day.
The amount of time it takes for Earth to complete _________________ one around the sun: 365 ¼ days or one _____________.
A ____________is roughly the amount of time it takes for the moon to orbit once around the Earth.
A ___________ eclipse happens when the moon gets in the way of the sun's light and casts its shadow on Earth. That means during the day, the moon moves over the sun and it gets dark and the ____________ is between the sun and the Earth.
Earth gets in the way of the sun's light hitting the moon during an ______________ eclipse. That means that during the night, a full moon fades away as Earth's shadow covers it up so the _____________ is between the sun and the moon.
All answers need to be relevant to the ______________________
____________ is the month that has the summer solstice
___________ is the month for the spring equinox
_____________ is the month for the winter solstice,
Seasons occur due to the tilt of Earth's _________.
_________________ is the month for the fall equinox
Write the moon phases in order beginning with the new moon
new moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, third or last quarter, waning crescent.
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