How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

34 terms

BCDS 5 History Chapter 3

BCDS 5 History Chapter 3
STUDY
PLAY
Fertile Crescent
The ancient name for the Region that includes Iraq, northeast Syria and part of southeast Turkey.
silt
fine soil found on river bottoms
irrigation
supplying land with water through a network of canals
canals
human-made waterways
civilization
An advanced culture with cities and a system of writing.
plateau
a relatively flat highland
occupation
A person's job or profession
division of labor
Division of work into a number of separate tasks to be performed by different workers
Tigris River
A river running through the northern part of the Fertile Crescent parallel to the Euphrates River.
Euphrates River
A river that flows through the southern part of the Fertile Crescent; parallel to the Tigris River.
specialization
The development of skills in a specific kind of work
artisans
workers skilled in a craft
social classes
Groups of people that occupy different ranks or levels in society.
government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
surplus
more than is needed
domestication
The process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans
agriculture
Farming and the production of food
megaliths
Huge stones used as monuments or as the sites for religious gatherings.
Neolithic Era
The new stone age that began around 10,000 years ago.
development
creation
rural
in the country
urban
city
city-state
a city that is also a separate, independent state
Gilgamesh
King of Uruk, a city-state in Sumer
Sargon
King of Akkad, a land north of Sumer, he built the world's first empire after defeating Sumer and northern Mesopotamia
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
priests
religious leaders
cuneiform
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
pictographs
picture symbols
scribe
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper
epic
a long poem that tells a story
architecture
the art of designing buildings
ziggurat
a tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a sumerian temple