Attempt to remake the Japanese monarch into an absolutist Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Tale of Genji
Written by Lady Murasaki; first novel in any language; evidence for mannered style of Japanese society.
Mid-9th-century Japanese aristocratic family; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
Regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies.
Ritual suicide in Japan; also known as hari-kiri; demonstrated courage and was a means to restore family honor.
Military government established by the Minamoto after the Gumpei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emeror, but real power resided in military government and samurai.
A warrior family closely allied with the Minamoto; dominated the Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers; ruled in name of emperor.
Member of Minamoto family; overthrew Kamakura regime and established Ashikaga Shogunate (1336-1573); drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshio.
Warlord rulers of small states following Onin War and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded ministates.
Korean kingdom in the Southeast; became a vassal of the Tang and paid tribute; ruled Korea from 668.
Korean dynasty (1392-1910); succeeded Koryo dynasty after Mongol invasions; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence.
Leaders of a rebellion in Vietnam against Chinese rule in 39 CE; demonstrates importance of women in Vietnamese society.
Southern Vietnamese dynasty with capital at Hue that challenged northern Trinh dynasty with center at Hanoi.
Japanese aristocratic family in mid-9th century; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
Defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government in 12th-century Japan.
System in which people surrounding China sent emissaries who offered tribute to the Chinese emperor and acknowledged the superiority of the emperor and China.