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Vocabulary Part B 2016
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Gravity
Terms in this set (35)
Sure to happen; having a probability of 1.
Certain (probability)
A fee paid to a person for making a sale.
Commission
The set of all outcomes that are not the event
Complement
An event made up of two or more simple events
Compound event
A constant ratio of two variables related proportionally. k = y/z
Constant of proportionality
The product of numbers on the diagonal when comparing two ratios.(cross-multiply and divide)
Cross product
The measurement system often used in the United States.
Customary system of measurement
The bottom number of a fraction that tells how many equal parts are in the whole
Denominator
A mathematical sentence that shows that two expressions are equivalent.
Equation
The ratio of the number of times an event occurs to the total number of trials, or times that the activity is performed.
Experimental probability
A number in the form a/b , where b ≠ 0.
Fraction
If one event has m possible outcomes and a second event has n possible outcomes after the first event has occurred, then there are m · n total possible outcomes for the two events.
Fundamental Counting Principle
Can never happen; having a probability of 0.
Impossible (probability)
The set of whole numbers and their opposites.
Integers
An equation whose solutions form a straight line on a coordinate plane.
Linear equation
A pair of numbers that can be used to locate a point on a coordinate plane.
Ordered pair
A ratio comparing a number to 100.
Percent
The amount stated as a percent that a number increases or decreases.
Percent of change
A number from 0 to 1 (or 0% to 100%) that describes how likely an event is to occur
Probability
A relationship between two quantities in which the ratio of one quantity to the other quantity is constant
Proportional relationship
Any number that can be expressed as a ratio of two integers.
Rational number
A decimal in which one or more digits repeat infinitely
Repeating decimal
The ratio between two sets of measurements.
Scale
A drawing that uses a scale to make an object smaller than or larger than the real object.
Scale drawing
A proportional model of a three-dimensional object
Scale model
Figures with the same shape but not necessarily the same size are similar.
Similar
An event consisting of only one outcome
Simple event
To write a fraction or expression in simplest form.
Simplify
A number raised to the second power
Square (numeration)
A number that is multiplied by itself to form a product is called a square root of that product.
Square root
The result when two or more numbers are added
Sum
The ratio of the number of ways an event can occur to the total number of equally likely outcomes.
Theoretical probability
The process of changing one unit of measure to another
Unit conversion
A rate in which the second quantity in the comparison is one unit.
Unit rate
A diagram that is used to show relationships between sets.
Venn diagram
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