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Vocabulary Part B 2016
Terms in this set (35)
Sure to happen; having a probability of 1.
A fee paid to a person for making a sale.
The set of all outcomes that are not the event
An event made up of two or more simple events
A constant ratio of two variables related proportionally. k = y/z
Constant of proportionality
The product of numbers on the diagonal when comparing two ratios.(cross-multiply and divide)
The measurement system often used in the United States.
Customary system of measurement
The bottom number of a fraction that tells how many equal parts are in the whole
A mathematical sentence that shows that two expressions are equivalent.
The ratio of the number of times an event occurs to the total number of trials, or times that the activity is performed.
A number in the form a/b , where b ≠ 0.
If one event has m possible outcomes and a second event has n possible outcomes after the first event has occurred, then there are m · n total possible outcomes for the two events.
Fundamental Counting Principle
Can never happen; having a probability of 0.
The set of whole numbers and their opposites.
An equation whose solutions form a straight line on a coordinate plane.
A pair of numbers that can be used to locate a point on a coordinate plane.
A ratio comparing a number to 100.
The amount stated as a percent that a number increases or decreases.
Percent of change
A number from 0 to 1 (or 0% to 100%) that describes how likely an event is to occur
A relationship between two quantities in which the ratio of one quantity to the other quantity is constant
Any number that can be expressed as a ratio of two integers.
A decimal in which one or more digits repeat infinitely
The ratio between two sets of measurements.
A drawing that uses a scale to make an object smaller than or larger than the real object.
A proportional model of a three-dimensional object
Figures with the same shape but not necessarily the same size are similar.
An event consisting of only one outcome
To write a fraction or expression in simplest form.
A number raised to the second power
A number that is multiplied by itself to form a product is called a square root of that product.
The result when two or more numbers are added
The ratio of the number of ways an event can occur to the total number of equally likely outcomes.
The process of changing one unit of measure to another
A rate in which the second quantity in the comparison is one unit.
A diagram that is used to show relationships between sets.
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