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social contract describes the relationship between?

government and citizens

what types of law enforcement officers were among the 1st in American colonies?


which screening process is recommended for achieving the best pool of applicants?

screening in

which of the following is best defined as "how a department is structured?"


which of the following must be balanced under a democratic system of government?

rights of the individuals and the collective needs of members of society

which of the following best describes Patrick Colquhoun's approach to solivng the crime problem in London?

he wanted to eliminate social problems.

title VII of the Civil Right Act prohibits discrimination in employment based on all the following EXCEPT"


which of the following is best defined as "the combination of organization and management"


which of the following protects suspects from illegal searches and seizures?

4th amendment

Sir Robert Peel developed which of the following principles?

Police must be organized along military lines, police must be controlled by the government, police headquarters would be centrally located.

This type of sexual harrasment exists when there is a tangible economic detriment as a result of refusal to succumb to sexual advances

quid pro quo

the first line supervisors in a police agency


the watchman style of policingn emphasizes

order, maintenance and crime control

many southern police department began as

slave patrols

which of the following is a type of "institutional barrier" that dissuades minorities from seeking employment?

complicated applications, multistage selection process, the department's image regarding minorities.

which departments have more specialization?

large departments

Which of the following is not one of the major objectives of the Bureau of Alcohol and firearms?

to establish the amount of taxes to be paid on alcohol, tobacco, and firearms

where was the 1st day watch?

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

this refers to minorities' lack of interest in law enforcement as a career choice

personal preferences

this type of policing necessitates more of a bottom-up decision-making and ....

community policing

the ________ style of policing implements the criminal justice process as the frequent offenses regardless of their circumstances or the severity of their offense, seldom...


which of the following was enacated by the Volstead act?


the expansion of the number of levels of rank within a police organization?

vertical expansion

refers to developing formalized organization arrangements whereby officers at lower levels of the organization can have input into departmental matters

participative management.

prior to becoming the Austin Police Department of Police, Chief Acevedo researched the problems facing the Austin Police Department. Which is not one of the problems he found?

low arrest rates

According to Chief Acevedo, the #1 priority as the chief of the police is to keep the community and the people that work for you safe


According to chief Acevedo's lecture, the cornerstone of the police profession is integrity


When dealing with the media, transparency is not crucial to building community and the people that work for you safe


leadership is doing the right thing for personal reasons


under the social contract theory, members of society are assumed to have entered an agreement to create government to acquire security and order for the entire society


the Paris metropolitan police force essentially came into existence as the result of an evolutionary process consisting of efforts by a number of leaders and government officials

false- London metropolitan

title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act was the first federal legislative action taken into this country to prohibit discrimination in employment


hierarchy exists in all organizations, and generally, hierarchy decreases as the number of employee increases.

false (hierarchy increases)

Wilson characterized the 3 basic styles of policing as watchman, legalistic, and service


community policing is rooted in 2 schools of thought: problem-oriented policing and community-oriented policing


under the ______, members of society are assumed to have entered an agreement to create the state & a government to acquire security and order for the entire society

social conduct

the concept of __________ includes belief in such fundamental principles as respect for law, individualism, civil rights, human dignity, consitutionalism, social justice and majority rule.


______________ are the collective practices by which a group attempts to ensure that individuals conform to the norms and values of the group

social controls

_____________ is a binding rule that regulates conduct and provides sanctions for violations of its provisions


____________policing refers to policing that emphasizes order maintenance and crime control and generally can be found in larger industrialized cities

watchman style

in American colonies, _________ were among the first law enforcement officers.


the _________ are said to be the very first states police organization

texas rangers

___________ is "widely recognized as the patriarch of police professionalism"

august Vollmer

Community policing is rooted in two schools of thought:1. _________policing developed by Goldstein and 2. community-oriented policing

problem oriented

____________refer to minorities' lack interest in law enforcement as a career choice.

personal preferences

____________is a system of beliefs that attempts to justify differential treatment of women

gender ideology

the development of a pool of sufficiently qualified applicants from which to select officers, is the definition of_____________

police recruitment

____________tests and standards are used to determine if an applicant can perform the tasks associated with police work

physical agility

__________ refers to how a department is structured and shaped


__________is the examination and mapping of crime and calls for service in order to discover patterns

crime analysis

A traffic unit is charged with reducing accidents and facilitating the flow of traffic. How do such units accomplish these two goals?

enforcement, education, engineering

allocation decisions of police personnel are generally made after a:

workloads analysis

most police work is the result of:

citizens calling the police

the type of patrol in which officers are assigned to beats in marked vehicles and randomly to reduce opportunities for criminal acts when not involved in police activities known as:

routine preventive patrol

what do most police organization use to categorize calls for service?


what type of patrol attempts to deter crime or problems in a specific area by deploying large numbers of officers?

saturation patrol

which of the following was characteristic of the "detective as secretive rogue"?

They focused on criminals rather than on crimes

which of the following statements is true regarding discretion in the criminal justice system?

judges, prosecutors, and police officers are allowed to use discretion in the decision-making.

which of the following is best defined as "effective limits on a public official's power leave him or her free to make a choice among a number of possible courses of action?


which of the following elements influence police officer's decision-making process?

offender variables, situational variables, system variables

Which of the following is not a decision element when an officer contemplates arrest?

officer variables

which of the following best describes the historical police view of domestic violence?

private matter

which of the following is a vice crime?

prostitution, pornography, gambling

crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on certain group characteristics are know as:

hate crimes

which types of force is where officers legally apply force in too many incidents?

excessive use of force

which of the following best describes the courts ruling in Tenessee v garner

police cant use deadly force to prevent the escape of a felon unless the suspect poses a significant threat of death or serious injury to the officer or others

which of the following best describes deadly force?

when an officer discharges his/her weapon

which of the following best describes the four performance criteria in an early warning system used to identify problem officers?

complaints, use of force, reprimands, discharge of firearms

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