Terms in this set (59)
Sustainable actions of policy makers and communities that promote one of more of the economic,social,political and environmental conditions of a specific area.
Adult literacy rate
The percentage of the population age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
A population with a rising ageing age
- people having fewer children
-Average marriage age is higher
-Improved medical advances
-Strain on government funding
-reduces international competitiveness
Capital that is affordable, sustainable, and right for the people and environment of the community it is given to.
Assistance given by a government directly to the government of another country.
The number and variety of living species found in a specific area.
The number of births per 1,000 people in a year.
An imaginary division that has provided a rough way of dividing all of the countries in the world in to the rich north and poor south. Many countries in the poor south have become more developed since the 1980s and so many people now think that the Brandt line is no longer useful.
A crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower.
Child mortality rate
The number of deaths between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births.
A collection of money that is distributed in the form of small grants to local charities.
the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a year
An amount of money borrowed by one party from another.
A system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives.
A measure showing the number of dependents (aged 0-14 and over the age of 65) to the total population (aged 15-64).
Usually a quantitative rather than qualitative measure of quality of life in a country. Indicators are used to illustrate progress of a country in meeting a range of economic, social, political and environmental goals.
A disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine.
Trade between companies in developed countries and producers in developing countries in which fair prices are paid to the producers.
The ability of soil to sustain a variety of plant growth, due to the many minerals, nutrients and water contained within it.
The average number of children that would be born to an adult, fertile woman over her lifetime.
A pharmaceutical drug which is manufactured without a licence from the company that had invented it, and marketed after the expiry date of the patent or other exclusive rights. This allows it to become more cheaper, and available to the poorest at an affordable price.
Where 2 organizations work with one in a different part of the world, which can help to open up trade and finance between countries, and thus develop them.
Gross Domestic Product
The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period, though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis.
Gross National Income
The total income from a country, including earnings from abroad
Human Development Index
A composite development indicator, combining GNP per capita, number of years schooling and life expectancy.
Infant mortality rate
The number of deaths between birth and exactly one year of age expressed per 1,000 live births.
The basic physical and organisational structure that are required to support the development of businesses and industry (e.g. roads, power supplies).
The average number of years a person might be expected to live in a specific area.
Defined by the World Bank, as a country with a GNI per capita of $1,045 or less in 2013.
Lower middle income
Defined by the World Bank, as a country with a GNI per capita between $1,045 and $2,074 in 2013.
Malaria is a parasitic infectious disease caused by the bite of an infected mosquito.
Located in the Sahel region, North West Africa.
Make (something) on a large scale using capital.
Millenium Development Goals
Established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 20001. They are:
1. End extreme hunger and poverty
2.Achieve universal primary education
3. Promote Gender Equality
4. Reduce Child Mortality
5.Improve the health of mothers
6. Combat AIDS, malaria and other diseases
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
8. Build global partnerships for development
A seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the south-west between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ), or from the north-east between October and April (the dry monsoon ).
Assistance provided by governments to international organisations like the World Bank, United Nations and International Monetary Fund that are then used to reduce poverty in developing nations.
An organization that is neither a part of a government nor a conventional for-profit business. Usually set up by ordinary citizens, NGOs may be funded by governments, foundations, businesses, or private persons.E.g. Wikipedia
A system that uses the energy of children at play to operate a water pump. Boosts health and enjoyment of children whilst being able to access clean drinking water at the same time.
A state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials to enjoy a minimum standard of life and well-being that's considered acceptable in society.
Concerned with obtaining or providing natural raw materials for conversion into commodities and products for the consumer.
Concerned with the intellectual services: research, development, and information.
A service or other asset used to produce goods and services that meet human needs and wants.
The ecological, climatic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.
A grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.
Concerned with the manufacturing of commodities and products for the consumer from the raw materials provided by the primary industry.
Unplanned, socially, economically and environmentally deprived areas found near the edge of cities in LEDCs and NICs, which are often illegal. They are formed due to rapid urbanisation, and that many of the new migrants cannot afford the housing which is in high demand, so are forced to build temporary accommodation in spontaneous settlements.
Where the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families, rather than sell for economic benefits at the first instance. Typically found in LEDCs.
The ability to keep the current or expected economic, social and environmental conditions at the same rate or level.
A tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports. Used to restrict trade, as they increase the price of imported goods and services, making them more expensive to consumers.
Concerned with the provision of services to consumers.
Foreign aid that must be spent in the developing country or to a selected group of developing countries. A developed country will provide a bilateral loan or grant to a developing country, but only on the condition that the money be spent on goods or services produced in the selected country.
The number of unemployed individuals / all individuals currently in the labor force.
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
an agency of the United Nations that sponsors programmes to promote education, communication and the arts.
Including, relating to, or affecting all members of the class or group under consideration; applicable in all cases.
Upper middle income
Defined by the World Bank, as a country with a GNI per capita between $2,074 and $7,604 in 2013.
A UN international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.
Measures a countries wealth
Measures the access the people in a country have to wealth, education, food, health and political freedom