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Pearl of Great Price Final
Terms in this set (49)
Who was the first to organize the PofGP?
Franklin D. Richards
Purposes of the JST according to Kent Jackson article:
-Restoration of content that was once in original manuscripts.
-Restoration of what was once said or done but was never in the Bible
-Editing to make the Bible more understandable for modern readers.
-Editing to bring biblical wording into harmony with truth found in other revelations or elsewhere in the Bible.
Two questions Moses asked leading to further light and truth about the creation Moses 2-3:
Why did you make all this? and How did you make it? (Moses 1:30)
What D&C 101:32-33 about the creation
When the Lord comes He will reveal all things about the secrets of the earth: how it was made and it's ending purposes.
What was the length of day during the creation?
As Elder John A. Widtsoe once pointed out, within the Church there are at least three prevailing positions on the length of the creative periods: (1) each day of the Creation was twenty-four hours, (2) each day of the Creation was actually a thousand years, and (3) the Creation of the earth extended over very long periods, the duration of which we do not yet accurately know. Of these three, the one that seems to agree best with present scientific evidence is "very long periods."
Agency requires which 4 points according to Bruce R. McConkie's quote?
1. Laws must exist
2. Opposites must exist
3. Must have knowledge of good and evil
4. A power of choice must prevail
Difference between sin and transgression according to Elder Oaks
A sin is inherently wrong where a transgression is wrong because it was formally prohibited.
Jess Christiensen's quote about the fall
"Many questions have been asked: How much did Adam and Eve really understand about the consequences of eating the forbidden fruit? Why was the message of Satan so tempting to Eve but not to Adam? Was there no other way? These are perplexing questions because we know so little about Adam and Eve's thoughts and feelings in the garden. Therefore, we should not worry [or get upset] about what the scriptures and living prophets have chosen not to explain. The important thing is to know that the Lord's will was accomplished. Adam and Eve kept the first commandment to multiply and replenish the earth. Their bodies were changed, and mortality, parenthood, and eventual death came upon them. Eternal family relationships became possible."
What did we talk about in class regarding the coat of skins used to cover Adam and Eve? Moses 5
God's forgiveness and willingness to cover our sins
What is a firstling of the flock? (quote from Robert J. Matthews)
Firstborn male of a Yew's first flock.
What is the price of grace according to Bruce C. Hafen? Moses 6
All of His heart, all of our hearts.
What gospel practice in vs. 5 is connected with writing an inspired record?
Journal Writing/scripture reading
What is the definition of a seer according to Moses 6:36?
One that beholds things which are not visible to the naked eye.
Justification and Sanctification:
One who is Justified is pardoned, without sin, or guiltless.
One who is Sanctified is clean, pure, and holy.
Why did God weep? (Moses 7?)
Because he knows that his children will suffer
What were the questions Enoch asked that led to the last 20 verses of Moses 7?
-When shall the day of the Lord come?
-Wilt thou not have compassion on the earth?
-When the son of man cometh in the flesh, will the earth rest?
-When shall the earth rest?
-When will you come again upon the earth?
The flood, possible explanations and relationship with baptism of the earth according to class discussion/readings
-Many people view the flood of Noah as a localized event but LDS know that it was a global flooding which we know because the earth had to be baptized by full emersion. That the whole earth, however, was under water at the same time was easily possible under a terrific, long-continued downpour, such as is described in Genesis. The depth of the layer of water is of no consequence.
Questions asked by the earth and answers given
When shall I rest, and be cleansed from the filthiness which is gone forth out of me?
When will my creator sanctify me, that I may rest, and righteousness for a season abide upon my face?
-The earth will rest at the Second Coming
Meaning and symbolism of the rainbow:
the arch of the rainbow teaches that as we look up to Him He will come down to us
Common critiques relating to the historicity of the Book of Abraham (Muhlestein article)
1. Facsimile 1 has surrounding text that does not match up with the book of Abraham.
2. The Kirtland papers have writings of the Book of Abraham with Egyptian writings (hieroglyphs) next to them that have nothing to do with the accompanying text.
3. The Book of Abraham has a title that says, "the writings of Abraham...written by his own hand, upon papyrus" but the papyrus clearly came from 1500 years after Abraham lived.
4. The Book of Abraham stems from 19th century thinking and writing such as in the astronomy mentioned (Newtonian understanding of the universe).
5. The interpretation Joseph gives of facsimile one is not in line with how modern Egyptologists would interpret it.
6. Facsimile 1 is argued to be a "Book of Breathings" embalming as opposed to representing the sacrifice of Abraham.
7. Critics claim that the Egyptians didn't engage in human sacrifices as Facsimile one portrays
Explanations to the critiques of the Book of Abraham
Vignettes were often not placed next to the corresponding text in contemporary Egyptian writings
The text on the facsimile is common book of breathing material but is not uncommonly connected, in scrolls long enough, to other books/writings. It is very reasonable that something like the Book of Abraham could be connected to the papyrus
The papers are clearly dated to be copies of the original and therefore are not original translations.
The hieroglyphs were quite likely added later furthering the conclusion that this is not a translation document. The hieroglyphs also come from different parts of the papyri showing no continuity in their flow with the Book of Abraham
Additionally, Joseph Smith was not in Kirtland for much of the time when these papers were written
What the papers represent exactly is not understood
"We know that Egyptologists are often wrong regarding what Egyptians would have said on the subject"
Egyptians may not be the best people to look to for interpretations of symbols in the Book of Abraham (why?)
This is a very uncommon scene to be connected to a Book of Breathings (why?)
Egyptians associated similar drawings with Abraham
Abraham's motives for seeking the priesthood and who gave it to him:
Abraham received the Priesthood from Melchizidek. And he sought it for greater happiness and peace through more obedience and righteousness.
What reasons did we discuss for the account in Abraham 1 regarding why the priesthood didn't exist among the Pharaohs in Egypt?
We do not know
Abrahamic covenant, definition, origins, relevance to us
It was given to Adam and passed down. Don't know why it is called the Abrahamic covenant.
It is like a marriage contract between us under the covenant and God.
God's part vs our part of the Abrahamic Covenant
Blesses us when we listen to what he says...strange land--canaan(temporal), celestial kingdom, property
Great nation, make name known, ministry and priesthood
Listen to commandments will make them his seed
Bless them that bless thee; curse them that curse thee;
gospel→ salvation → eternal life
Lots of posterity...sand (shall all the families on the earth be blessed----family NOT individuals)
Pray unto the Lord
Walk before me
Spread gospel to all nations
Distinguishing characteristics of the planets as taught to Abraham
Kolob meant to "govern"
Moon is of a higher order than the earth: Rotates slower
Hierarchy of planetary order is based on reflection of time in comparison with Kolob - the slower the day, the higher the order.
Shinehah - Sun, Kokob - Star, Olea- Moon, Kokaubeam - Stars
Muhlestein's description of what type of model was used
Wasn't a Newtonian model but close to a Geocentric or astronomic model. Perhaps this is allegorical astronomy—not an accurate astronomical paradigm but a model that conveys doctrinal principles.
God's teaching of astronomy's relevance to Abraham's people and to us:
God is the center in which we all revolve around. God is above them all
Definition of Intelligence
-light and truth
How intelligences are organized
Through that birth process, self-existing intelligence was organized into individual spirit beings
How intelligence is gained or lost
What "grace for grace" means
The grace of God is "the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of Christian virtues."
Questions asked by apostles that spurred Matthew 24
-What do you mean the destruction of the temple and the Jews?
-What is the sign of thy coming? And the end of the world?
Where does JSM fit into the overall JST sequence of events?
-April 6, 1830—The Church is organized
-June 1830—Joseph begins the translation of the OT
-March 7th, 1831—Joseph receives D&C 45 (vs. 60)
-March 8th, 1831—Joseph commences translating the NT
Two meanings of the abomination of desolation
we can conclude that this phrase (abomination of desolation) would have reference to some great act or status of corruption and befoulment, of contamination and filthiness, which would bring to pass destruction, ruination, devastation, desolation.
Two references to the abomination of desolation
"Daniel spoke prophetically of a day when there would be 'the abomination that maketh desolate' (Dan. 11:31; 12:11), and the phrase was recoined in New Testament times to say, 'the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet.' (Matt. 24:15.)
How to avoid deception in the last days (JSH)
-Stand in Holy Places
-Treasure the World
-Be in tune with the spirit
How did JSH come about?
Where did the JSH come from?
Chad Webb's 4 points of seeking truth:
-The right attitude and intent
-Turn to the Lord in faith, holding fast to what we already know to be true.
-Having an eternal perspective
-Seeking knowledge and understanding from the Lord's divinely appointed sources
Why are there differing accounts of the first vision?
What years were the 4 primary accounts of the first vision given?
What were Joseph's feelings and experiences between the ages of 14-17?
Persecuted by friends, tempted, fell into poor society, felt condemned for his weaknesses,
Differences and similarities of Moroni's visits:
1st visit: quotes many scriptures
2nd visit: Adds warnings of wickedness and desolation leading up to the second coming.
3rd visit: Adds that Satan will tempt him to get rich and that he "must not be influenced by any other motive than that of building his kingdom."
4th visit: Adds that he must tell his dad about all that had happened that night.
What did Joseph do with the plates once he attained them (according to McKay and Dirkmaat)?
What process of events (translation, learning about baptism, receiving authority and baptism, etc.) teaches
about how God works in our lives?
What was the initial intent of the articles of faith and why would you assume that?
For a non-member audience. Written at the request of George Barstow who was writing a history of New Hampshire and wanted to understand more about the "rise, progress, persecution, and faith of the Latter-day Saints"
What are the four points James E. Talmage outlined describing why Joseph is a prophet?
-Ancient prophecy has been fulfilled in the restoration of the gospel and the re-establishment of the church upon the earth through his instrumentality.
-Joseph received direct ordination and appointment, at the hands of those who held the power in former dispensations, the authority to minister in the various ordinances of the gospel
-His possession of the power of true prophecy, and of other spiritual gifts, is shown by the results of his ministry.
-The doctrines proclaimed are true and scriptural
Major teachings of the different religions:
When and who to baptize (infants, children, adults)
The place of grace in the salvation process (saved by grace, works, or a combination)
The place of the bible and personal revelation in gaining salvation (can God give additional revelation to explain or enhance the teachings of the bible?)
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