5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Which of the following is the source of innervation for the lung?
- The pulmonary arterial circulation does which of the following?
- The chest radiograph shows blunting of the patient's costophrenic angels. What does this suggest?
- What is the function of the very small amount of pleural fluid that is found in the pleural space?
- Which of the following are associated with the presence of air-trapping and auto-PEEP?
- a Autonomic nervous system
- b II and IV: delivers unoxygenated blood to the lungs, originates on the right side of the heart
- c Reduces frictions
- d Pleural fluid
- e I II III IV: High airway resistance, Weak lung recoil force, High breathing rates, Short expiratory times
5 Multiple choice questions
- Increase in the anteroposterior diameter of the chest
- I. Pores of Kohn and II. Canals of Lambert
- Soft tissue obstruction
- I II III IV: They originate from spinal nerves C3 to C5, They enter the chest in front of the scalenus muscle, They are sandwiched between subclavian arteries and veins, Nerve injury is associated paralysis of the diaphragm.
5 True/False questions
Which of the following signs is not consistent with complete airway obstruction? → Low-pitched snoring sound
What happens during normal inspiration? → I II III: The Ppl decreases further below atmospheric, the transpulmonary pressure gradient widens, P alv drops below that at the airway opening
If the lungs fail to empty normally during exhalation, because of either weakened elastic recoil force or high resistance to airflow, the retained volume causes which change to the chest in the chest radiograph? → tidal volume VT
What is rather unique regarding the blood supply to the lung? → It receives blood from right and left ventricles
Which of the following are the only accessory muscles of expiration? → I, II, IV: Sternomastoids, Pectoralis major, Abdominals [NOT trapezius]