The Roaring Life & Politics of the 1920s by Coach Parrish
Terms in this set (52)
an era in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages was illegal that lasted for 13 years
hidden saloons during Prohibition
liquor smugglers during Prohibition
a Chicago gangster with a bootlegging empire
made the manufacturing, sale, and transportation of alcohol illegal; eventually repealed by the 21st Amendment
Protestant movement grounded in a literal interpretation of the Bible
trial of public school teacher accused and eventually convicted of breaking a TN law that prohibited the teaching of evolution
defending attorney in the Scopes Trial
William Jennings Bryan
prosecuting attorney in the Scopes Trial
an emancipated young woman who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920s
a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
first aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic
famous female aviator who went missing on her flight around the world
painter who produced intensely colored canvases of flowers and the Southwest
F. Scott Fitzgerald
coined the term "Jazz Age" and famous for his novel The Great Gatsby
a literary and artistic movement celebrating African American culture
Zora Neale Hurston
African American novelist famous for writing about unschooled black children in the south
James Weldon Johnson
poet, novelist, and NAACP executive
an immigrant from Jamaica who believed that African Americans should build a separate society and advocated the "Back to Africa" movement
a novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant
best-known poet of the Harlem Renaissance
famous African American actor from the period - worked on Broadway
Jazz trumpet player
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington
Jazz pianist and composer who led an orchestra at the Cotton Club
most famous blues singer - died in MS
movement of African Americans from the South to Northern cities
Novelist; first American to win a Nobel Peace Prize in literature.
What were the post WWI problems?
The United States is:
Facing a Post-War Recession
Cost of Living has Doubled During The War
Farmers and Workers are Hurting
What were the responses to post-war problems?
Nativism and Isolationism
A policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs. (political and military)
America for Americans: Anti-immigration. Native-born people are superior to foreign-born people.
A political theory in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Usually led by a dictator. ANTI- Capitalism!
What was the fear of communism known as?
What were the Palmer Raids?
Palmer and Hoover hunted down socialists, communists, and anarchists and destroyed their private properties.
Who are Scabs?
People who are replaced for others that went on strike.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian Immigrants - found guilty of murder & sentenced to death. The public was outraged by their execution.
What were the reasons of the KKK clan re-existence?
3. Extra immigrants without jobs
4. Anti-communist views
5. Red Scare
What was the Emergency Quota Act of 1921?
It set up a quota system to establish the number of people that could enter the United States from each foreign country.
What was the goal of the quota system?
To limit the amount of immigrants for Europe specifically
What was the political impact of the Boston Police Strike?
Coolidge was a running mate for Harding in 1920 presidential elections
Describe the Steel Mill Strike.
Basically a outbreak over minimum wage. President Wilson stepped forward and ended the strike with an 8 hour workday, but no union in 1923.
Describe the Coal Miners' Strike.
John L. Lewis became famous when the workers received a 27% wage increase.
What were the reasons behind the drop of Union Memberships?
1. much of the workforce were immigrants who were lucky to even have work
2. since workers spoke variety of language, a barrier was formed in terms of organizing them
3. farmers who were a part of the workforce were self reliant
4. most unions excluded African Americans
What was the Dawes plan?
American investors loaned 2.5 billion to Germany to pay back France and Great Britain. Then eventually France and Great Britain would pay back the U.S. Overall the U.S. would benefit.
What is the Ohio gang?
President Harding's friends from home. They were his cabinet members.
Explain the Teapot Dome Scandal.
The Sec. of Interior (Albert Fall) gave private leases of Federal Oil Fields to friends in return for loans, cash, and cattle; Fall was 1st cabinet member to go to jail
Who succeeded Harding?
What were the causes of the economic boom of the 1920s?
1. impact of the automobile
2. urban sprawl
3. airplane industry
4. electrical advancements
5. modern advertisement
6. mass production of goods
7. buying on credit
What was Ford's vision for cars in America?
How does Ford make cars cheap?
1. Interchangeable parts (Mass Produce)
2. Assembly Line
3. Labor Specialization
How did the automobile change america?
1. urban sprawl
3. created a middle class
4. created a mobile society
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