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Jansen Midterm Review
Terms in this set (37)
Toilet Paper Can Really Help
Title, Paragraphs (1st and Last), Pictures, Captions, Read
Questions First, Helping Words
Written Responses should.....
1. Restate the prompt
2. Clearly state your answer
3. Provide evidence and examples
4. Explain how the text supports the evidence.
Fake. Novels, short stories where characters and action are made up.
Factual writing. Reports about real people, events, places.
Poems use words to have emotional effects. They can rhyme, but they don't always.
Story that is meant to be performed on a stage.
Communication that is meant to reach a large audience.
An author has a reason that they wrote a piece. It could be to entertain, persuade or inform.
What a passage is MOSTLY about. Does not focus on details. Not always clearly stated. Read 1st and last paragraph and title as clues.
How is the text organized? Cause and Effect, Compare and Contrast, Chronological Order, Problem and Solution or Main Idea.
The action of a story. There are five stages in the plot diagram.
Plot Diagram (5 stages)
Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action and Resolution
Characters and setting introduced.
The conflict of the story is developed in this stage.
The most exciting part of the , the conflict builds to this point.
The stage in the plot where the story begins to draw to a close.
Final outcome of the story. Conflict is resolved or dealt with.
The "someone" of the story. Who is it about?
The time and place of the action in the story and any details related.
The main problem that a character faces.
Point of View
Who is telling the story. First person point of view says "I", "me" or "my." Third person point of view says "he", "she" or "they."
The writer's attitude towards the subject he writes about.
ex: happy, angry, humorous.
The way a reader fells because of the author's writing.
The message or lesson that one can learn through reading a passage or story. ex: don't be greedy.
A comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as."
ex: "He was as fast as a cheetah." "I am graceful like a swan when I dance."
A direct comparison of two unlike things when one becomes another. "He was a lion on the battlefield." "Life is a highway."
Giving human quallities to non-human things. "The wind whistled through the trees." The sea is young and restless."
Word that has a similar meaning to another.
Word that has the opposite meaning of another.
Words or phrases surrounding an unfamiliar word that help to identify the meaning of the unfamiliar word.
A word part that is added onto the beginning of a word that changes its meaning. ex: "un-", "dis-".
A word part that is added to the end of a word that changes te meaning. ex: "-ist", "ance".
A person, place, thing or idea. (ex: cat, car, New York City, teacher, Frank.)
describes the action or indicates a state of being. ex: I am happy. (am the verb) We are walking home. (are walking, the verb phrase)
words that descrobe or modify a noun or pronoun. Answers: which one? what kind? how many? ex: baseball
game (what kind of game?) brown hair , four cupcakes.
Words that are used in place of a noun. Ex: he, she. them, their, it, we, etc..
Words that describe of modify a verb. Answers the questions: how? when? wher? why? ex: We were working busily. (Busily describes how we were working)
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