A mineral vital to health and is required in the diet in amounts less than or equal to 100 milligrams per day
Bone mineral density?
Total mineral content of bone at a specific bone site divided by the width of the bone at that site
The iron-containing part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen to cells and some carbon dioxide away from cells
Substances that break down into ions in water and, in turn, are able to conduct an electrical current
Which of the following is true about the vitamin and mineral intake of athletes?
Most athletes tend to consume ample vitamins and minerals if they meet their kcalorie needs.
Which of the following is true about the protein intake for athletes?
Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their protein needs.
What is the name of the high energy compound that cells use directly to fuel other chemical reactions?
Which of the following is true about protein as an energy source?
The need for protein as an energy source is greater for endurance athletes than those who body build or lift weights.
Bart is a wrestler. His weight is regularly higher than the weight class he would like to wrestle in. What should he do?
Gradually reduce food intake before wrestling season.
The difference between aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis is what
the end products of aerobic glucose breakdown are carbon dioxide and water; the end product of anaerobic glucose breakdown is lactic acid
The best way to determine how much fluid must be replaced as a result of a workout is to what?
weigh before and after the workout
What is the term to describe failing health that results from a long-standing dietary intake that either fails to meet or greatly exceeds nutritional needs?
Failing health that results from a long-standing dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs is termed
Which of the following is true about chronic hunger in the world?
The primary cause of hunger is poverty.
The Special Supplemental Feeding Program for Women, Infants, and Children
provides food vouchers and nutrition education to low-income pregnant and lactating women and their young children
The homeless in the United States are at increased risk of undernutrition. Which of the following is true about the homeless?
Many are members of families with children.
The manipulation of nature (plants, animals, and bacteria) to increase production and food yield and the use of living things to manufacture products is called
Impaired development or function that results from an inadequate intake, absorption, or utilization of the nutrients needed for optimal growth, development, and body function is best termed
The program developed in the 1960s to help increase availability of foods to entire families is the
Food stamp program
The way hunger is best addressed in the United States is through
providing more federal, state, and local governmental food subsidy programs and funding.
Which of the following is the best approach to preventing famine in developing nations?
Increase the productivity of rural people by teaching them farming methods so they can build agricultural surpluses to eat and sell
The single most effective health advantage for people wherever they live is
safe and convenient water supply.
Covering cuts or sores on hands and avoiding sneezing when handling food are important to prevent foodborne illness from?
Which of the following is true about food irradiation?
Irradiation can slow or limit the growth of insects, microorganisms, and parasites in food.
A common cause of foodborne illness that results from sneezing or coughing over food is
If a child is to follow a totally vegetarian diet, greater attention should be given to which of the following nutrients?
Protein and vitamin B-12
Absence of breakfast for children is associated with
decreased performance in school and decreased attention span
According to present day growth charts, an infant will double his or her birth weight at about ______ months of age.
Susie is 3 years old. At her most recent checkup she was at the 20th percentile for height. This means that
79 of 100 (80%) of girls her age are taller than she is.
Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and also helps the ______________ to develop.
Children will more effectively develop the breakfast eating habit if
parents eat breakfast with them.
Egg whites should not be fed to children before 1 year of age because
early introduction may result in an allergic reaction
The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that those who choose to drink alcoholic beverages should do so in moderation, defined as the consumption of up to __ drink per day for women and older adults and up to __ drinks per day for men.
Loss of vision and hearing can negatively affect nutritional health. The biggest problem is the inability to
Shop for food
Which of the following is the best definition of life expectancy?
The time an average person can expect to live
Which of the following is the best definition of life span?
The potential oldest age a person can reach
Bud has trouble with his dentures and problems chewing. Which of the following foods would be best to help meet his nutritional needs?
Maude is losing her sense of taste and smell. Which of the following is true about her situation?
She will need to vary her diet and use more herbs and spices.