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Chapter 5 Review
Terms in this set (20)
A king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society.
The idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God.
King of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles.
War of the Spanish Succession
A conflict, lasting from 1701 to 1713, in which a number of European states fought to prevent the Bourbon family from controlling Spain as well as France.
Thirty Years' War
A European conflict over religion and territory and for power among ruling families, lasting from 1618 to 1648.
Seven Years' War
A conflict in Europe, North America, and India, lasting from 1756 to 1763, in which the forces of Britain and Prussia battled those of Austria, France, Russia, and other countries.
Peter the Great
(1672-1725) Czar of Russia. He was responsible for the westernization of Russia in the 18th century.
English Civil War
A conflict, lasting from 1642 to 1649, in which Puritan supporters of Parliament battled supporters of England's monarchy.
The bloodless overthrow of the English king James II and his replacement by William and Mary.
A system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law.
What three actions demonstrated that Philip II of Spain saw himself as a defender of Catholicism?
He fought Muslim Ottoman Empire, sent Armada against Protestant England, fought Protestantism in the Netherlands.
According to French writer Jean Bodin, should a prince share power with anyone else? Explain why or why not.
No, because if he does, he becomes that persons subject.
What strategies did Louis XIV use to control the French nobility?
He used intendants (humbles nobles in judiciary and tax collections) and forces nobles to live at Versailles.
In what ways did Louis XIV cause suffering to the French people?
He ran up huge debts (quite often on brink of bankruptcy), fought unpopular wars, and imposed heavy taxes.
What were six results of the Peace of Westphalia?
Weakened Hapsburger Austria and Spain, strengthened France with Cardinal Richelieu hopping on Protestant side at right time, made German princes independent of the Holy Roman emperor, ended religious wars of Europe (for a while), introduced new method of negotiating peace, established modern more equal state system of Europe.
Why did Mania Theresa and Fredrick the Great fight two wars against each other?
They were battling over territory and to defend/help allies.
What were three differences between Russia and western Europe?
Russian serfdom was firmly implanted, Russian people knew little of the Renaissance, Russians were Eastern Orthodox.
What was Peter the Great's primary goal for Russia?
To westernize Russia so that the country could compete militarily and commercially with Western Europe.
List the causes, participants, and outcome of the English Civil War?
Royalists (also called Cavaliers and Puritans (also called Roundheads) fought over religion, money and the extent of the king's power. The Roundheads won and tried and beheaded Charles I.
How did Parliament try to limit the power of the English monarchy?
By refusing to grant funds, it forced Charles to sign the Petition of Right; Parliament rulers invited Protestant rulers William and Mary to rule as partners of Parliament; Parliament drafted a Bill of Rights.
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