2nd Nine Weeks Terms and Topics

STUDY
PLAY
Electoral College
The process by which the United States elects its president and vice president
Checks and Balances
the ability of each branch of government to exercise checks, or controls, over the other branches
Preamble
The introduction to the constitution that list it's six basic goals.
Duties
Things we must do as a citizen
Responsibilities
Things we should do as a citizen
Enumerated Powers
The powers explicitly given to federal govern in the Constitution.
Concurrent Powers
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
26th Amendment
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
The Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Reserved Powers
powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Popular Sovereignty
the idea that political power belongs to the people and they express that power by voting
Limits to Rights
Your rights end where someone elses begins
1st amendment
Our 5 basic freedoms: freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition
Amendment
a change in, or addition to the constitution
Rights of the Accused
The protections that the Constitution guarantees to citizens who are accused of crimes. (5th through 8th amendments)
Congress
the bicameral legislature of the United States government
3 levels of government
national, state, and local
3 Branches of government
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
The Great Compromise
created two houses in Congress; one based on population (Virginia Plan) and the other gave equal representation (new Jersey Plan) to each state.
Census
The count of the population every 10 years
George Washington
First president of the United States
Presided over the constitutional convention
General during the revolutionary war
Segregation
The social separation of the races
Women Suffrage
Women's right to vote
Republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Constitution
A written plan of government
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination in employment on the basis of race, gender, or religion
5th amendment
Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy