Terms in this set (28)

  • Electoral College
    The process by which the United States elects its president and vice president
  • Checks and Balances
    the ability of each branch of government to exercise checks, or controls, over the other branches
  • Preamble
    The introduction to the constitution that list it's six basic goals.
  • Duties
    Things we must do as a citizen
  • Responsibilities
    Things we should do as a citizen
  • Enumerated Powers
    The powers explicitly given to federal govern in the Constitution.
  • Concurrent Powers
    powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
  • 26th Amendment
    Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
  • The Bill of Rights
    the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
  • Reserved Powers
    powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
  • Federalism
    A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
  • Popular Sovereignty
    the idea that political power belongs to the people and they express that power by voting
  • Limits to Rights
    Your rights end where someone elses begins
  • 1st amendment
    Our 5 basic freedoms: freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition
  • Amendment
    a change in, or addition to the constitution
  • Rights of the Accused
    The protections that the Constitution guarantees to citizens who are accused of crimes. (5th through 8th amendments)
  • Congress
    the bicameral legislature of the United States government
  • 3 levels of government
    national, state, and local
  • 3 Branches of government
    Legislative, Executive, Judicial
  • The Great Compromise
    created two houses in Congress; one based on population (Virginia Plan) and the other gave equal representation (new Jersey Plan) to each state.
  • Census
    The count of the population every 10 years
  • George Washington
    First president of the United States Presided over the constitutional convention General during the revolutionary war
  • Segregation
    The social separation of the races
  • Women Suffrage
    Women's right to vote
  • Republic
    a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
  • Constitution
    A written plan of government
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
    outlawed discrimination in employment on the basis of race, gender, or religion
  • 5th amendment
    Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy