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18 terms

Vitamins & Minerals - Functions & Benefits

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Vitamin A
Essential vitamin for vision
Vitamin B complex
Group of vitamins that helps with metabolism & converting food to energy
Vitamin C
Vitamin that boosts the function of the immune system
Vitamin D
Vitamin needed for Calcium absorption
Vitamin E
Vitamin used to improve cellular development and skin repair (reduces scarring)
Vitamin K
Vitamin important for blood clotting
Calcium
Mineral necessary for bone strength
Magnesium
Mineral necessary for nerve and muscle function
Potassium
Mineral necessary for proper nerve function and water balance (found in bananas)
Sodium
Mineral necessary for proper nerve function, muscle contraction and water balance (found in salt)
Iron
Mineral needed to form hemoglobin and to carry oxygen in the blood
Iodine
Mineral needed for healthy thyroid gland function
Folic Acid (Vitamin B9)
Vitamin needed as a pregnancy supplement to help prevent birth defefts
Phosphorus
Mineral needed (along with Calcium) for strong bones and teeth; it also helps make ATP (Energy)
Zinc
Mineral needed for efficient cell & tissue reproduction and growth & development
Selenium
Mineral that is an important antioxidant for heart health
Lycopene
Antioxidant that protects against heart disease and different types of cancer
Lysine
Amino acid that helps the body absorb calcium and make collagen for bones and tissues