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Chapter 12

STUDY
PLAY
The recent trend in racially mixed marriages has been
upward-the numbers are increasing.
The incest taboo
is found in all societies.
A system of marriage that unites one woman with two or more men is called
polyandry.
Karl Marx believed that religion
supports social inequality.
Extensive civil liberties make democratic societies more vulnerable to terrorism.
True
The sociologist closely associated with the power-elite model is C. Wright Mills.
True
The global economy pays little regard to national borders.
True
Religion is a social institution that is BEST defined as involving
beliefs and practices concerning what is sacred.
The U.S. workforce is becoming more "white," even as immigration rates rise.
False
The concept "military-industrial complex" refers to the close association among the federal government, the military, and defense industries.
True
Large corporations dominate many markets in the global economy.
True
Guided by the symbolic-interaction approach, sociologists examine
All of these are correct.
Patterns that describe many Latino families include
All of these are correct.
Which of the following would you expect to be the LEAST stable type of religious organizations?
cult
Authority refers to power that people perceive as coercive.
False
The U.S. Census Bureau defines the "family" as
people living together who are linked by birth, marriage, or adoption.
Describing the lives of working-class women, Lillian Rubin reported that the typical woman said she wanted a husband who
had a steady job and was not violent.
What is the effect of industrialization on the number of children in a typical family?
Families have fewer children.
Oligopoly refers to any company that operates in more than one country.
False
To which region of the world would you travel if you wanted to visit many countries where the law permits polygamy?
Africa
Typically, industrial societies make use of which of the following systems to trace ancestry?
bilateral descent
The concept "endogamy" refers to marriage between
people of the same social category.
Democracy and rational-legal authority are linked, just as monarchy and traditional authority are linked.
True
The concept "patrilocality" refers to
a residential pattern by which a married couple lives near the husband's family.
The concept "state capitalism" refers all productive enterprises in a country being owned by the government.
False