75 terms

Clothing 1 Final Review

This is a comprehensive review that includes terms, techniques, and concepts learned in Clothing 1.
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Ready-to-Wear versus Pattern Sizes
Rarely the same, which makes taking precise measurements critical
Seam Ripper
Used to remove seams that have been sewn incorrectly
Safety Pins
Used for tie-tacking and pulling elastic through casing; also used during the blanket project to hold the blanket pieces and batting together
Casing
A closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or drawstring inside; if made too large, these pieces may twist inside and be uncomfortable
Design Ease
Extra fullness built into clothes by the designer to create a particular style or silhouette
Wearing Ease
The amount of fullness added to a pattern to allow for movement and comfort
Pattern
A set of tissue paper pieces and instructions for a creating an item with fabric
Multi-Sized Pattern
Patterns printed with several size options on the same tissue piece
Corduroy and silk
Poor fabric choices for beginning sewers
Notions
Small tools used to construct a garment
Bobbin
Holds the bottom thread in a sewing machine
Pressure Foot
Holds the fabric (in place) against the feed dog, so that the fabric can move through
Incorrect Threading
One of the most common causes of stitching problems
Measuring Tools
Sewing gauge, a tape measure, hem gauge, and a yardstick/meter stick
Shears
Cutting tool with long blades and two handles that are shaped differently; used for cutting fabric
Cutting Lay-Out (Pattern)
Shows how to fold the fabric and place the pattern pieces
5/8 Inch
Standard seam allowance
Taking Measurements
Remove bulky clothing, have someone else measure, and hold tape snug but not tight
Backstitching
Secures stitching at the beginning and end of a row of stitching
Pattern Selection
Consider body shape, skill level, and figure type and size
Yardage Chart
Listed on the back of the pattern envelope and shows how much fabric is needed
Purchasing Notions
Should be done when fabric is purchased so that colors match, care requirements are compatible, and all supplies are available to complete the project
Loopers
Found on a serger, NOT a conventional sewing machine
Marking Tools
Used for transferring patterns symbols to fabric; includes marking pen, tailors chalk, and a tracing wheel and tracing paper
Thimbles
Made of plastic or metal, come in different sizes/patterns, and help protect fingers when hand-stitching
Pattern Guide Sheet
Gives information for lay-out, cutting, marking, and steps for sewing fabric
Selvage
The two finished lengthwise edges of the fabric; firmly woven and will not unravel
Back View Illustration
Allows you to see the design details that cannot be seen on the front of the pattern envelope
Garment Description (Pattern)
Makes you aware of design details that may be hard to see
Body Measurements (Pattern)
Helps you to select the right size of pattern for your body
Suggested Fabrics (Pattern)
Helps you select fabric for a finished product; used to help you determine the best type of fabric for a particular project
Tape Measure
Used to take body measurements
Seam Gauge
Used for measuring small areas, such as hems
Shears
Used to cut fabric
Scissors
Used to trim seams, clip curves, and open buttonholes
Pinking Shears
Used to finish raw edges; comfort and durability
Pins
Holds patterns to fabric during cutting and marking; temporarily holds layers of fabric together for stitching
Needles
Used when hand-sewing to secure hems and attach buttons
Needle Threader
A small disc with a loop of wire attached; used to help thread a needle
Pin Cushion
Stores pins so that you can grab them one at a time (safety)
Emery Bag
Used to sharpen pins and needles; can also remove rust
Bobbin Winder
Winds thread onto bobbin; machine must be set to do so properly
Reverse Button
Allows machine to back-stitch
Thread Guides
Guides thread through the machine from spool to needle; necessary for proper stitching
Tension Dial
Regulates the tightness and looseness of stitches
Take-Up Lever
Controls the amount of thread pulled from the spool, through the tension regulator, down to the needle
Feed Dog
Moves the fabric under the pressure foot
Spool Pin
Holds the spool of thread in place, so that it doesn't slide off during stitching
Hand Wheel
Turns to raise and lower the needle
Pressure Foot Lever
Raises and lowers the pressure foot
Turning a Corner
When doing this, the needle must be down in the fabric, so the stitch is at a 90 degree angle
Ladder Stitch
Hand-stitch used to close the opening on the pillow project and the baby blanket; invisible stitch
Tie-Tacking
Hand-stitch technique used to hold batting in place for a large blanket or quilt
Casing Opening
Necessary in order to pull elastic or draw-string through the casing
Changing a Needle
The flat side of the needle should be facing away from you when completing this task
Marking Paper
Colored sheets of paper used for marking; when using this method, the colored side of the paper should be face-down on the fabric
Batting
Layer of insulation used in blankets and quilts
Loft
The weight or thickness of batting; how batting is measured
Pressing
Used to get the wrinkles out of fabric and to weld (make stronger) seams; should be done before a pattern piece is pinned and fabric is cut
Basting Stitch
Used to hold two or more pieces of fabric together temporarily until the permanent stitch is completed; easier to seam rip than other seams
Lengthwise Grain
Grain that runs in the same direction as the selvage; usually the strongest and sturdiest direction of the fabric; usually cut with this grain running vertically for maximum strength
Crosswise Grain
Grain that runs across the fabric from one selvage to another; usually has a slight amount of give and stretch
Bias Grain (True Bias)
Grain that runs diagonally across the fabric; fabrics cut on the grain have more stretchability
Universal or General Purpose Needle
Has a sharp point and is designed for most fabrics
Press Cloth
Lightweight cloth that protects certain fabrics from developing a shine
Cotton, Linen, Silk, and Wool
These are all natural fibers
Wool
Very warm, but will shrink and mat easily
Linen
Made from the flax plant, and is stronger than cotton
Nylon
Considered the strongest synthetic fiber
Synthetic Fibers
Manufactured fibers through the use of chemical substances
Acetate
Not very strong; used mostly in formal wear as an inexpensive substitute for silk
Rayon
Made from wood pulp
Cotton
Least expensive of all natural fibers; strong, durable, and comfortable; best for beginning sewers
Performance Finishes
Processes applied to alter the function or performance qualities of the base fabric
Aesthetic Finishes
Treatments that improve the luster, texture, drapability, and surface appearance of fabrics
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