Democracy in Action Chapter 14
Terms in this set (27)
a legal process to obtain citizenship
the law of soil, which determines citizenship based on where a person is born
The law of blood, which determines citizenship based on one's parents' citizenship.
granting citizenship to a large group of people at one time
Single person goes through the process of naturalization
the legal process by which a loss of citizenship occurs
American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the Missouri Compromise
The Dred Scott decision
Supreme Court decision in 1857 that ruled that slaves were property, not people, and Congress did not have the right to outlaw slavery in any territory.
a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there
Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges/Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues. Gave African Americans citizenship.
a citizen of another country; foreign, strange
a person from a foreign nation who has established permanent residence in the United States, but who has not completed the naturalization process.
One whose primary residence is in another state.
a foreigner who has entered or resides in a country unlawfully or without the country's authorization.
People who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country.
a shelter from danger or hardship
a citizen of a nation with which the United States is at war
Process by which a naturalized citizen may involuntarily lose their citizenship.
How American citizenship can be lost
Voluntary Expatriation, Involuntary Expatriation, Treason/Sedition, Denaturalization
how jus soli and jus sanguinis operate to determine whether someone is or is not a citizen of the US
If born in the United States then you are a citizen; If parents are citizens then you are a citizen
The five categories of aliens according to the United States law
resident alien, non-resident alien, enemy alien, refugees, illegal alien
rights that aliens do not have
the right to vote in elections, the right to run for office, the right to serve on juries, the right to work in most government jobs
qualifications for citizenship
At least one of your parents was a US citizen when you were born, you have been naturalized, you were born in the US or it's territories, you were under 18 when your parents were naturalized
steps to citizenship
1. Sign a declaration of intention
2. Live in the US for five years, unless married and then three years.
3. Take citizenship classes
4. Apply for citizenship
5. Interview with US Immigration Services, take an exam, take the classes: writing, English, History
6. Pledge oath of allegiance to the US
exceptions to the naturalization process
the Louisiana Purchase
born in Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands, or Cuba
immigration policy historically
Open Door Policy (pre 1882), anyone
Chinese Exclusion, no asians
Johnson Act, quotas
the difference between an immigrant and an alien?
an immigrant plans on staying in host nation and is there legally, an alien is the opposite