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a series of events in a narrative that is carefully constructed by the author for artistic purpose; a series of related incidents that build upon one another as the story develops meant to entertain the reader

simple narrative account

a chronological description of real events to tell what happened

plotless short story

modern creation that is pleasurable to read as it describes the characters in a situation but does not employ the devlopment or resolution of a conflict

in media ras

the story is opened in the middle of the action and then information about the beginning of teh action is supplied to the reader through flashbacks and other devices for exposition


story within a story

typical plot structure

exposition to complication to techincal climax to resolution to conclusion


background info on the characters, setting, and other events necessary for understanding the story (conflict introduced)


conflict is developed


anticipation as to the outcome of events


hints at later events


the interplay between opposing elements

protagonist vs. self

internal struggle

protagonist vs. others

external struggle with people or society

protagonist vs. enviroment

external struggle with nature

technical climax

the turning point in the plot at which the outcome of the action is determined; often,the protagonist changes or has an oppurtunity to change at this point, after thise point the conflict begins to come to an end

dramatic climax

point of greates interest or intensity of the story (subjective)


the events following the technical climax in which the outcome is actually worked out; works out the decision that was arrived at durring the technical climax


the final event of a story's plot


the representational time and place if events in a literary work

four functions of setting

1)help in understanding of the characters and their actions 2) help create mood and atmosphere 3) facilitate plot development by being invloved in the conflict 4) state time and place

pathetic fallacy

a technique authors use that uses the setting, or nature, to parallel or mirror the mood of a character or the story


a fictional personality created by the author

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