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22 terms

Elements of Prose Literature

STUDY
PLAY
plot
a series of events in a narrative that is carefully constructed by the author for artistic purpose; a series of related incidents that build upon one another as the story develops meant to entertain the reader
simple narrative account
a chronological description of real events to tell what happened
plotless short story
modern creation that is pleasurable to read as it describes the characters in a situation but does not employ the devlopment or resolution of a conflict
in media ras
the story is opened in the middle of the action and then information about the beginning of teh action is supplied to the reader through flashbacks and other devices for exposition
framestory
story within a story
typical plot structure
exposition to complication to techincal climax to resolution to conclusion
exposition
background info on the characters, setting, and other events necessary for understanding the story (conflict introduced)
complication
conflict is developed
suspense
anticipation as to the outcome of events
foreshadowing
hints at later events
conflict
the interplay between opposing elements
protagonist vs. self
internal struggle
protagonist vs. others
external struggle with people or society
protagonist vs. enviroment
external struggle with nature
technical climax
the turning point in the plot at which the outcome of the action is determined; often,the protagonist changes or has an oppurtunity to change at this point, after thise point the conflict begins to come to an end
dramatic climax
point of greates interest or intensity of the story (subjective)
resolution
the events following the technical climax in which the outcome is actually worked out; works out the decision that was arrived at durring the technical climax
conclusion
the final event of a story's plot
setting
the representational time and place if events in a literary work
four functions of setting
1)help in understanding of the characters and their actions 2) help create mood and atmosphere 3) facilitate plot development by being invloved in the conflict 4) state time and place
pathetic fallacy
a technique authors use that uses the setting, or nature, to parallel or mirror the mood of a character or the story
character
a fictional personality created by the author