American AIR Test Prep #2
Terms in this set (198)
Spanish American War
led to by Imperialism and protecting US trade and Cuba
Arguments against Imperialism
-made US look bad
-had enough to worry about at home
-new people watering down the gene pool
Places where the US was involved and why (Imperialism)
Open Door Policy
force China to trade with the world, mostly the US
Examples of poor conditions in factories
Why were the conditions in factories allowed to go on
Laissez Faire economics
government stays out of economy
What changes were made in the Progressive Era
-Limit power of monopolies
-Clean up Cities and problems of industrialization
Union Strikes- why?
to get better wages and shorter hours
Who limited power of monopolies?
What did Jane Addams do?
established a settlement house, Hull House to help the immigrants with assimilation/acculturation and deal with the problems of the IR
What does industrialization cause?
-need for imperialism
-shift in population
-people have more free time
-protection of wild areas
-changes in farming
growth of cities
Why do people immigrate?
-political freedom and right to vote
-chance to own land
Great Migration, what does it cause
African Americans move North for new opportunities, Nation becomes urban
Changes in Farming
-more machinery and inventions (barbed wire)
-farm with fewer workers
-increases farming yield
-many moved to cities
Who are Populists?
political party organized by farmers to fight for protection against industrialization
the sum of the beliefs, customs, values, languages, and traditions of the people of a society
smaller cultures within larger or dominant cultures
Spanish settlers who arrived to Southwest America in the 1500s
were pushed off their land when the Europeans arrived to America
they came to American to work on the gold mines and railroads
black activists who joined with white liberals in 1909; want to bring about a fairer and more equal society
their goal is to help women achieve equality in all aspects of their lives; formed in 1966
formed in 1968 in response to alleged police brutality toward Native Americans
In 1962 Cesar Chavez started this group to unionize grape pickers in California
a person or document that provides information
a source in which you can trust the author
used to persuade someone to your point of view
must be supported by evidence contained within the paper
statements or arguments based on a false or invalid inference
supporting ideas that are not explicitly presented in the source
an oversimplified opinion or idea
primary and secondary sources
contain some level of bias (prejudice) information
Abolished or outlawed slavery
African-Americans are made citizens
African-American men get the right to vote
Women get the right to vote
18 year-olds get the right to vote
Form of government in which the king/queen has all of the power.
American Indian Movement - a group fighting for Native American rights
One of the main causes of World War I: It means groups or gangs of countries
Giving in to Hitler's demands in hopes he would be satisfied and prevent a war.
The US airlift of supplies into Berlin in response to the Soviet Union's blockade of the city
information that is one-sided or choosing one side over another
BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION
separate but equal is not equal. Integrated the schools.
CLEAR & PRESENT DANGER
Individual rights (speech) can be limited to prevent dangerous situations
Battle between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. between democracy and communism.
Economic decisions are made by the government.
During the cold War, the Soviet Union wanted new countries to set up this type of government.
Someone who refuses to go to war because of their religious beliefs
Form of government in which the king/queen's power is limited.
The United States' policy of preventing the spread of communism.
How a group of people act, the music and art that they make, and the habits and hobbies the have
Form of government in which the leader usually takes over by military force and has all of the power.
The fear that if Vietnam fell to communism, so would the surrounding countries.
Things about businesses, jobs, and money
Moving OUT of a country to settle in another.
A movement of ideas that occurred in Europe between 1680 and 1790. Attempted to apply reason to understand, explain and even change the world.
The part of the government that ENFORCES laws
Wilson's plan for peace following WWI.
Things about land, landscapes, maps, and regions
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs.
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
The total value of the entire economy for a country
A literary and artistic movement in the 1920s in which African Americans brought their culture to the North.
Hitler's mass extermination of the Jews and other undesirables.
Moving INTO a new country to settle.
One of the main causes of World War I: It means when a strong, industrial country takes over a weaker country.
Change in the way things were made. Made in factories by machines instead of at home by hand.
The United States' stance on foreign policy after WWI. Basically if a conflict did not involve us, we were staying out of it.
New nations created for Jews fleeing Europe during WWII.
JIM CROW LAWS
State laws in the South that legalized segregation.
The part of the government that INTERPRETS laws
US supported a democratic South against a Communist North: Fought to a tie
Created in response to horrible working conditions. Fought for a better pay and better working conditions.
Hands off. No government intervention in business.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Peace keeping organization after WWI. Was unsuccessful.
The part of the government that MAKES laws
Printing things that are lies is not freedom of the press.
Economic decisions are made by individuals and prices are set by the forces of supply and demand
The United States' plan to offer European countries financial assistance to set up democracies.
Fear of communism in the United States following WWII. Named for the Senator who was famous for using it.
One of the main causes of World War I: It means glorification of war and the military
Economic decisions are shared by the government and the people.
When one company completely dominates an industry.
Group fighting for African American rights.
One of the main causes of World War I: It means strong pride in your country
Alliance of democratic nations following WWII.
National Organization for Women - Fought for women's rights
Form of government in which people vote for the legislative body, which in turn selects the prime minister.
US naval base that was attacked which led to the United States' involvement in WWII.
PLESSY V. FERGUSON
Supreme Court case from 1896. Created the idea of separate but equal.
POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES
Groups who promote their political ideas
Reform group who represented the farmers.
Form of government in which people vote for both the legislative branch, and the executive branch.
Something written or spoken by someone who SAW the event
Reform group who tried to end child labor and limit the power of big businesses.
Fear of communism in the U.S. during the 1920's
To use evidence to show something is wrong.
High payments Germany had to make because it lost WWI.
In the countryside, or out in farmland.
Something written or spoken by someone who TALKED to the person who saw it
Saying things that you know are lies is not freedom of speech.
Battle between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to put a man in space. It was a sign of superiority to be first.
Outside of the city, but right next to it and not out in the countryside
The right to vote.
To use evidence to show something is correct.
Taxes on imports.
Form of government ruled by religious leaders.
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
Treaty to end WWI. Was very harsh towards Germany.
The United States' pledge to fight the spread of communism at all costs.
UNITED FARM WORKERS
Union formed to fight for Farm Workers rights
Peace keeping organization created after WWII. The US joined this organization.
UNIVERSITY OF CAL. V. BAKKE
Diversity in schools is good, but racial quotas may not be used.
In the city
People moved from rural areas to cities in order to be closer to factories.
US supported a Democratic South against a Communist North: Lost the war
Alliance of communist dictatorships following WWII.
Type of government in which leaders must follow laws
Leaders may do whatever they want
King or Queen inherits the throne they may do whatever they want and the laws do not apply to them
King or Queen inherits the throne. Must follow a law or constitution
Leaders are elected. Power rests in hands of people
The Church is the law
Women's right to vote
18 or older vote
the right to vote
Plessy v. Ferguson
Separate but Equal
People who oppose all war
Brown v. Board of Education
Integrated schools (blacks and whites together)
Supported with facts
First hand account
What you are trying to prove
region based on land use
region based on money
Standard of living
quality of life
places Native Americans were sent when the west was settled
Economic region in Europe with common money and free trade
The rise of cities- a result of industrialization
Rise of suburbs- result of cars and highways
to move to a new country.
Reasons for immigration to America
Escape religious persecution, Find New jobs, American Dream, Escape Famine or other natural disasters, Escape bad government
to be forcefully moved from your home
Country created for Jews in 1947 Palestinians are upset
Location of Israel- Arabs lost their homeland to Jews
Jim Crow Laws
fought for racial equality for African Americans
Effects of civil rights movement
end of legalized segregation other minority groups fought for rights
Fought for rights for farm workers
Economy based on traditions, culture, and beliefs
Some government programs, Some private business (a mix)
Extra money paid to the government
The extra cost associated with borrowing money
How does high interest rate affect spending?
People spend less
How does high interest rate affect unemployment?
People spend less, so businesses fire employees
When prices go up
When prices go down
The Great Depression
The worst recession in US History. Government took over economy to pull us out
Government organization that regulates money
Rights you are born with that the government cannot take away. Life, Liberty, Property. Slavery violates your natural rights
Consent of the Governed
Government rules with our permission. We have the right to get rid of bad government
Government does not regulate business
Tax on imports. Helps American business owners
A revolution in France that overthrew the monarchy, because their natural rights were being violated
Clothing. Also the industry in which the Industrial Revolution Began
Effects of Industrialization
Increased Population Increased crime Pollution More jobs Poor working conditions (long hours, low pay) Poor living conditions (tenement houses)
When one company controls an entire industry. Good for business, bad for consumers (leads to higher prices)
When one country takes over another country
Natural Resources. Also a reason for imperialism
Waterway between the US and South America to improve trade and provide for military defense
To take over
Imperialism in Africa
Loss of tribal independence and freedom Ruined the economy
War the brought the US into imperialism We gained Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Hawaii
Causes of WWI
Alliance System Militarism Imperialism Nationalism Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
League of Nations
Peacekeeping organization after WWI that the US refused to join. Weak and ineffective. Failed to prevent another war
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty after WWI. Germany was blamed for the war. Germany forced to pay money to other countries. Led to rise of Hitler and WWII
Places were Japanese were put in WWII, because the US wanted to protect National Security
US policy to stop the spread of communism. Examples: Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine
US gives money to help rebuild the economies of other countries to stop the spread of communism
Giving in to an aggressor to keep the peace. Like Britain and France did to Germany to try to avoid WWII
Economic Depression on the farms. Farms were destroyed by clouds of dust
Fear of communism. Led to government restricts on free speech to protect national security
Movement of African American to the North. Led to the Harlem Renaissance, overcrowding, and new jobs
Celebration of African American Culture
A system of government run by kings and queens, where power is limited by a set of laws.
A system of government run by kings and queens, where leaders have unlimited control.
A system of government where an individual has complete power. The leader does not attain power by birth.
A system of government where citizens elect an executive and a legislative group separately.
A system of government where citizens elect a legislative group, before the legislative group selects an executive.
A system of government in which a small group holds total power
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