83 terms

Health Midterm Questions and T/F

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Bad habits, such as eating unhealthy, add up overtime & cause a serious impact on your health
Cumulative Risks
Name 6 health risk behaviors
Tobacco use, unhealthy eating, inadequate physical activity, high risk sexual behaviors, and safety risks.
6 lifestyle factors that help to avoid health risks
-8 hours of sleep
-eating a healthy breakfast
-variety of nutritious foods
-physically active
-not smoking & other tobacco products
-no use of alcohol and drugs
Taking steps to keep something from happening or getting worse
Prevention
Names of the Health Triangle parts
Social, Physical, and Mental/Emotional Health
Differences in health outcomes between groups
Health disparities
Taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief
Advocacy
When you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful or that go against your values you can use ______________ ___________ to help you say NO
Refusal Skills
Anger Management Plan (3 steps)
-Know what TRIGGERS your anger

-Recognize your anger

-Choose to do something to cool off
List Hierarchy of Needs Levels in ascending number order
5. Reaching Potential
4. Feeling Recognized
3. Belonging
2. Safety
1. Physical
Having the ability to adapt EFFECTIVELY AND RECOVER from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis (bounce back)
Resilient
behaviors associated with defense mechanisms
repressions, suppression, rationalization, regression, denial, compensation, projection, idealization, daydreaming, and somatization.
identifying stress
positive: motivation
negative: distracted, overwhelmed, impatient, frustrated, or angry.
3 Stages of Stress Response
1. Alarm- Your mind and body go on high alert
2. Resistance- You adapt and react to the stressor
3. Fatigue- You begin to become tired because of exposure to your stressor.
adrenaline
emergency hormone
6 Treatments for Mental Illnesses
Psychotherapy
Behavior Therapy
Cognitive therapy
Family Therapy
Group Therapy
Drug Therapy
An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living
Mood Disorder
Types of Mood Disorders
Depression
Bipolar
Conduct Disorder
6 essential nutreints
Carbs
Fats
Proteins
Vitamins
Minerals
Water
Function of carbs
Provide your body's main source of energy
Function of fats
Provide a concentrated form of energy
Function of proteins
Build and maintain body cells and tissues
Function of Vitamins
Help regulate many body processes
Function of minerals
Help build healthy bones
Function of water
In all of your body cells
Foods that contain fiber
Beans and Rice
calories and activity level
the more activates you do that require energy, the more calories you will need to eat.
What do we mean when we say that a food or beverage in "nutrient-dense"
High in nutrients, low in calories
What is the name of the "wonder foods" that are nutrient dense
Leguums
How to Eat Smart (3 Main Ideas)
1. Choose Nutrient Dense Foods
2. Balance Calories (calories in = calories out)
3. Avoid SoFAS and Sodium
Male hormone
Testosterone
Female Hormone
Estrogen
TSS and how to avoid it
Toxic Shock Syndrome; Change tampon frequently
PMS
Premenstrual Syndrome
The shedding of the uterus lining
Menstruation
Path of sperm through male reproductive system
Testes
Path of egg through female reproductive system
Fallopian tubes
Days 1-8 Menstrual Cycle
The cycle begins with the first day of menstruation
Days 9-13 Menstrual Cycle
The hormones FSH and JH cause an egg to mature in the ovaries
Day 14 Menstrual Cycle
Ovulation occurs and the mature egg is released into one of the fallopian tubes
Days 15-28 Menstrual Cycle
The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. If the egg is not fertilized the cycle starts again.
Site of fertilization
Vagina
Zygote
The fertilization of the egg by a sperm
Embryo
The egg after it has been fertilized
Fetus
The unborn offspring more than 8 weeks after conception
Prenatal care
Eat a healthy diet
Physical activity
OTC
Do not need doctors approval to buy it (advil, Tylenol, motrin, etc)
Prescription Drugs
Have to have a written approval from a doctor to buy it
medicine labels
Read everything on the labels. Do this so you know how many times a day you need to take it and how many you take.
Antibiotics
Destroy bacteria
Antivirals
Suppresses viruses, but does not kill them
Antifungals
Suppress of kill fungus cells
change the structure or function of the body or mind.
drug effects
The interaction of two or more medicines that results in a greater effect than when the medicines are taken alone
Synergistic Effect
Reactions to medicines other than the one intended
Side effects
Occurs when medicines work together in a positive way
Additive Interaction
Occurs when one medicines effect is canceled or reduced when taken with another
Antagonistic Interaction
Strategies to quit smoking
Nicotine Pads
Exercise
AKA "second-hand smoke" is air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke
Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)
Smoke that is exhaled from the smokers lungs
Mainstream Smoke
The burning end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe
Side stream Smoke
MIP
Minor In Possession of Alcohol
BAC
Blood Alcohol Concentration
DUI
Driving Under Influence
DWI
Driving While Intoxicated
FAS
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
long term effects of smocking tobacco
lung cancer, death, addiction
Long term effects of alcohol use
-damage to brain cells.
-increased BP
-increased cells in liver
-damage to lining or stomach
-destruction of the pancreas
Factors that influence alcohol's effect on people
-Body size
-Gender
-Food
-Rate of Intake
-Amount of Alcohol
-Medicine
Strategies to remain alcohol free
-Maintain a healthy body
-Keep healthy relationships
-Make healthy decisions
-Living within the law
-Avoiding violence
-Setting goals
Effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
-Small head
-Deformed parts of body
-Heart, liver, kidney defects
A substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body
Stimulant
A drug that slows the central nervous system
Depressant
A drug that causes hallucinations
Hallucinogen
Rohypnol
date rape drug
A condition in which the user has a chemical need for the drug
Physiological Dependence
A condition in which a person believes that they need the drug in order to feel good or function normally
Psychological Dependence
How are STD's passes from person to person
Through sexual contact
How do you prevent STD's
Practice Abstinence
Treatment method's for STD's
-Using antibiotics
-HPV vaccine
Three ways HIV is transmitted
Blood, semen, and vaginal secretions
Identifiable stages of HIV infection leading up to AIDS
acute infection: flu-like, clinical latency: 10 years, and AIDS
Virus that causes AIDS
HIV