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Terms in this set (15)

1) SALT I - 1972
-- Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
A) ABM - Antiballistic Missiles - limited both countries to one AMB site a piece
B) 5 year Interim Agreement on Arms Levels - limited # of ICBM/SLBMs

2) SALT II - 1979
-- treaty never approved, but US followed it
A) ceiling on # of ICBM, SLBM, bombers, air to surface missiles
B) est. several sub-ceilings on types of nuke systems
C) it restricted qualitative improvements in payload delivery capabilities of missiles

3) INF: Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force
A) US-USSR to eliminate all intermediate-range missiles
1,000 - 5,000km and short range: 500-1,000km
Prohibited flight testing and production of missiles
B) Destruction to be complete in 3 years
C) On-site inspections: (1) both sides to oversea destruction of missiles on-site, (2) OSI allowed on bases in US and USSR as well as GB, Belgium, Italy, Netherlands, W. Germany, E. Germany, Czechoslovakia -- OSI allowed during 3 year destruction period and 10 years thereafter
D) OSI allowed short-notice (challenge) inspected: inspected party had to provide transportation within 9 hours of knowing -- US: only through DC or SF; USSR: only through Moscow or Irkutsk

4) START I - 1991
-- Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
*US/USSR reduced nuclear weapons by 30%

5) SORT Treaty - 2002
-- Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reduction
*US/USSR promised to reduce offensive nuclear weapons b/w 1,700 - 2,200

6) New Start - 2010
-- Obama and Medvedev
* Both sides agreed to decrease strategic weapons to no more than 1, 5050 warheads or 8,000 launchers
*Both sides agreed to inspections
1) Concert of Europe
--Great powers which would meet in periodic conferences to forestall Great power war

2) Hague Conferences (1899/1907)
--conferences attended by countries to codify intl. law
--trying to establish permanent form of intl. law

1907: 44 countries attended; First general assembly
--Pioneered in use of committees, roll calls, and chairs

3) Public Intl. Unions (Public Administrative Unions)
--intl. orgs that emerged from 1870s >
--dealt w/ technical "non-political" issues which arose from industrialization
*Universal postal union - mail traffic bc of German-American population
*Intl. telegraphic union
Functional orgs - perform a specific function
A) Est of the Secretariat
-- permanent staff
--would carry out research, correspondence, publications, organize future conferences
B) two-tiered organization
--council: small # of total membership
--conference: total membership
*Functionalism in IR: theory of peace where numbers of PIU's will increase to the point where states have little ability to go to war - all handled by PIU's

4) League of Nations
--Based on Collective Security
--Attack one, attack on all
--Deter any potential aggressor
**Not successful, why?
(1) countries did not trust each other
(2) US never became a member
(3) part of the Versailles Treaty

5) United Nations
--Security Council: 5 permanent, rotating members
--General Assembly
--Economic and Social Council
--Secretariat
--World Court
--Trusteeship Council
**Move from collective security to preventive diplomacy; maintaining/establishing peaceful relations
**UN Peacekeeping Forces: 1956 Egypt/Israel