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Management Principles Final Review 1

STUDY
PLAY
What type of skills tends to be equally important at all levels of management?
human skills
involves managing by daily production of goods and services
operations management
groups, such as shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, governments, and local communities, on which the organization depends for long-term survival
primary stakeholders
managers can use integrity tests to
select and hire ethical employees
Frederick Taylor is famous for
creating the principles of scientific management
model that holds the only social responsibility that businesses have is to maximize profit
shareholder
in external organizations environments, the ____ environment affects all organizations while the _____ environment is unique to each company.
general; specific
the _____ is the set of key values, beliefs, and attitudes shared by members of an organization.
organizational culture
_____ is a primary source of organizational culture
the company's founder
in order to change an organizational culture, top management can persuade other managers and employees to perform a new behavior in place of an older one. This technique is called_____ .
behavioral substitution
which of the following is a component of Coca-Cola's specific environment and will directly influence how it does business?
Pepsi-Cola
Various persons or groups with a legitimate interest in a company's actions are called _____ .
stakeholders
which of the following statements about the beginnings of management is true"?
management as a field of study is only about 125 years old.
in terms of environmental complexity, _____ environments have few environmental factors, whereas _____ environments have many environmental factors
Simple; Complex
Management theorist _____ is best know for his role in the Hawthorne studies.
Elton Mayo
Eastman Kodak owns a company that manufactures dental radiation equipment. the _____ for the company would be expected to develop the long-term plans needed to make the company profitable.
top manager
a company implementing a(n) _____ strategy would demonstrate the greatest willingness on the part of the company to meet or exceed society's expectations.
proactive
the first step managers use to make sense of their changing environments is _____ .
environmental scanning
after a year as a manager, new managers typically realize their job is: _____ .
people development
the _____ determined that companies can be prosecuted and punished for the illegal or unethical actions of employees even if management didn't know about the behavior.
U.S. Sentencing Commission Guidelines
Managers who train and supervise the performance of nonmanagerial employees and who are directly responsible for producing the company's products or services are categorized as _____
first-line managers
_____ is a tactic in which an advocacy group actively tries to convince consumers not to purchase a company's product or service
product boycott
creating a competitive advantage through people relies heavily on the use of which skill to reward people for providing exceptional customer service?
motivation to manage
_____ is the degree to which an organization's external environment has an abundance or scarcity of critical organizational resources
resource scarcity
A systems view of management allows managers to
deal with the complex environment in which their companies operate
what is social responsibility?
business' obligation to pursue policies, make decisions, and take actions that benefit society
Wal-Mart can be described as
buyer dependent
an accountant with _____ has the ability to create a budget, compare the budget to the actual income statement, and determine unnecessary expense
technical skill
mary parker follett believed managers typically deal with conflict in one of three ways: _____
doimation, compromise, and integration
Henri Fayol is responsible for developing
administrative management
the social responsiveness strategy that could be considered essentially a public relations approach is the _____ strategy.
defensive
the goal of scientific management is to _____
find the one best way to perform each task
which of the following management theorists believed that workers ultimately grant managers their authority?
Chester Barnard
Environmental _____ is affected by environmental complexity, change, and resources.
uncertainty
according to Weber, a bureaucracy _____ .
is the exercise of control on the basis of knowledge, expertise, or experience
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth are important to management because they _____ .
used motion studies to eliminate unnecessary or repetitive motions from the workplace
_____ is the process of having managers and employees perform new behaviors that are central to and symbolic of the new organizational culture a company wants to creat
behavioral addition
according to the _____ model, managements most important responsibility is long-term survival.
stakeholder
A manager striving to improve organizational _____ is accomplishing tasks that help achieve organizational objectives
effectiveness
Kodak makes digital cameras and paper for prints
threat;opportunity
According to _____ , the most effective management theory or idea depends on the kinds of problems or situations that mangers are facing at a particular time and place
the contingency approach
_____ is used to refer to a company's practice of identifying and addressing customer trends and problems after they occur.
reactive customer monitoring
the three stages or moral development identified by Kohlber are _____ .
preconventional level, cont3entional level, and postconventional level
who is responsible for the fact that most products are manufactured using standardized, interchangeable parts?
eli whitney
what are the four functions of management?
planning, organizing, leading, controlling