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major battles ... american revolutionary war

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-The British victory in the French and Indian War was due largely to British soldiers financed by the British government.
-Noah Webster had ideas of everythin being national.
-The purpose of the British army's march on Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 was to seize the war supplies storeed there.
-As a group, the Tories in America came from every social and economic class and geographic area.
-The author of Common Sense was Thomas Paine.
- The painter of the events of the revolution was John Trumbull.
-The United States' most vauable ally in the revolution was France.
-The British defeat at Yorktown resulted largely from the French fleet preventing Cornwallis from escaping from the peninsula by sea.
-The immediate effect of the American revolution upon slavery was that norther slates moved toward emancipation, southern states restricted importation of slaves.
-The major British defeat of 1777 at Saratoga was caused mostly by the extremely poor coordination of the campaign.
-A major source of the new feeling of nationalism after the Revolutionary War was the common sacrifice by soldiers and civilians during the war.
-Many states took the opportunity to introduce new social and political reforms while many states were writing their constitutions during the revolution.
-In 1763, the Ottawa chief, Pontiac, led one last effort to drive the whites back across the APpalachians.
-The best estimate of the proportion of Patriots and Tories during the war for independence is that Patriots were more numerous, but many Americans were indifferent.
-An American advantage in the war for independence was British reluctance to engage in full-scale war against the colonies.
-In an effort to help support the increased coast of colonial administration, Parliament passed the Sugar act in 1764 which placed taxes on imports.
-The concept that every member of parliament stood for the interests of the entire empire was called virtual representation.
-Thomas Jefferson's general statement of the right of revolution in the Declaration of Independence was intended by Jefferson to be an expression of the American mind.
-The militant Boston leader of resistance to the Tea Act and of the Boston Teap party was Samuel Adams.
-In response to the Boston Tea Party, the British passed a series of laws (closed the Boston Port, strengthened the power of the governor) called the Intolerable Acts.
-In 1778, fighting in the North practically ceased; thereafter, most of the engagements were in the South.
-The most significant change in the new state governments was the removal of outside control, making them more responsive to public opinion.
-The British commander who sent his troops to capture Patriot supplies in Concord in April 1775 was General Thomas Gage.
-The most significant aspect of the Coercive Acts was that they indicated a change in British policy, from persuasion to punishment.
-As part of the social reforms accompanying the Revolution, all states which still had them abolished primogeniture and entail.
-Battles in and around New York City in August and September of 1776 were defeats for Washington's forces and seemed to presage an easy British triumph to the war.
-The American government raised over $200 million and much of the cost of the Revolutionary War by printing paper money.
-Under the Treaty of Paris (1763) ending the French and Indian War, France lost all her possessions on the mainland of North America.
-In 1758, William Pitt took over British leadership of the French and Indian War, pouring soldiers and money into North America.
-The purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to check colonial expansion across the Appalachians.
-After the Battle of Bunker Hill, Congress and the bulk of the American people were still reluctant to declare independence.
-In governing their American empire after 1763, the new problem the British faced was greatly increased expenses of administering a larger and more complex empire.
-Illegal resistance by the Sons of Libery to the Stamp Act may be seen as marking the start of the revolution.
-Americans were most alarmed by the Sugar Act of 1764 because it asserted Parliament's right to tax Americans for revenue purposes.
-The idea of female education began to be accepted as important in a republic in response to the revolution.
-On the same day it repealed the Stamp Act, Parliament passed the Declatory Act stating that the colonies were "subordinate" to its wishes.
-The most important American objection to the Tea Act of 1773 was that it seemed to be a trick to trap Americans into paying the Townshend duty on tea.
-As a general, George Washington lacked genius but was a remarkable organizer and administrator.
-In the new state governments created during the Revolution, power was concentrated in the legislatures.
-The young Virginian who emerged as a hero to fellow colonists although forced to surrender in 1754 to French troops constructing Fort Dusquesne was George Washington.
-During the winter of 1778, Washington's army endured severe shortages of food and clothing while camped at Valley Forge.
-The Stamp Act was repealed in 1766 primarily because of the pressure from British merchants who had been hurt by the American boycott.
-The most conservative proposal before the First Continental Congress in 1774 was the Galloway plan creating a general government for America.
-In January 1776, the British pushed the colonists toward independence by hiring Hessian mercenaries.
-The battles of Trenton and Princeton in December 1776 were important because the army's morale was boosted after a long series of defeats.
-The United received very favorable terms in the Peace of Paris (1783) because the American commissioners skillfully played rival European powers against each other.
-In 1772 Sam Adams set up the COmmittees of Correspondence to communicate revolutionary materials, ideas, etc amongst the colonies.
-Upon the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766, Perliament announced the right to legislate the colonies and pass laws of taxation in the Declaratory Act.
-After the Stamp Act was relealed, the British parliament returned to the Townshend Act. (an indirect tax in 1767 on lead, paint, tea, glass, and paper.)
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