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Politics of the United States
Presidential Amendments (Government)
Terms in this set (17)
What are the Presidential Amendments?
What did the 12th Amendment do/change?
- Outlines the procedure for electing the President and the Vice President.
- The Electoral College would vote on two separate tickets for the president and the vice president.
- Before, the Vice President was the runner-up from the election.
- In this case, the president and vice president were from different parties, with different political beliefs.
- This made governance more difficult.
What is an electoral college?
The people who represent the State, who formally cast votes for the president and vice president
Why was the 12th Amendment important?
It allowed each party to nominate their team for president and vice president.
What did the 20th Amendment do?
- Sets the dates at which federal government elected offices end.
- Also defines who succeeds the president if the president dies.
-The terms of the President and Vice Presidents shall end on January 20th.
-The Senators and Representatives on January 3rd
-President was usually elected between November and December, the 20th amendment made a set date in early November
- Reduced time that Lame Duck was in office from March to instead have the president elect move in by January (4 months to 2 months)
- If president elect dies before inauguration day, vice president will be sworn in as President, if president elect does not meet Constitutional qualifications, the vice president will become acting president until there is a qualifying president
What is Lame Duck?
A politically elected official whose successor has already been elected
When did the Presidential term originally end (before the 20th Amendment)?
Before the time was March because it took a while for the President to move out
Why is the 20th Amendment necessary?
It's necessary because it creates order in the government and who would succeed the President if they die
What did the 22nd Amendment do?
- No president shall be allowed in office more than two terms of four years
- Restriction on how long a president can be in office
Why is the 22nd Amendment important?
Made it so our country doesn't has a monarchy/ dictatorship/ it lets a new president go through office every eight years
Why did the Republicans in Congress decide to pass the 22nd Amendment?
- George Washington: denied third term and decided it was enough for a president to be in office for two terms (8 years)
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt: only president to serve more than two terms
- After third term into his fourth he died
What does the 23rd Amendment do?
- Allows for residents of Washington D.C. to vote in the elections for President and Vice President.
Why was the 23rd Amendment passed?
- In the 1800s, when the District of Columbia first became a territory, there were only 5,000 residents.
- Since it wasn't considered a state, these 5,000 people didn't have the right to vote in the general election. D.C. was still required to pay federal taxes and be drafted in the military
- Although Washington D.C. isn't a state, the 23rd amendment treats it like it is for the Electoral College.
Why is the 23rd Amendment important?
- It calls for more representation for the U.S.
- It promotes voting rights of all U.S. citizens, and makes the electorate more accountable and representative of the needs of all U.S. citizens.
What does the 25th Amendment do?
- In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
- It was passed in order to clarify what happens upon the death, removal, or resignation of the President or Vice President and how the Presidency is temporarily filled if the President becomes disabled and cannot fulfill his responsibilities.
- Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
- If the Vice President and majority of the House and Senate think that the President is unfit for office, they can remove him.
Why is the 25th Amendment necessary?
This amendment is necessary, because it establishes what is to be done in the event there's an absence in any presidential or vice presidential role.
When was the first use of the 25th Amendment/ why did they create the Amendment?
- The first use of the 25th Amendment occurred in 1973 when President Richard Nixon nominated Congressman Gerald R. Ford of Michigan to fill the vacancy left by Vice President Spiro Agnew's resignation.
- Eight Presidents have died in office.
- For nearly 20% of U.S. history (prior to the passage of this Amendment), there has been no Vice-President in office who can assume the Presidency.
- President John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1963 led to a push for constitutional change, because it created chaos in the federal government.
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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