10 terms

AP Environmental Science: Biomes

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Temperate Deciduous Forest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)
-Precipitation is relatively evenly spread throughout the year
-Deciduous Trees (Oak, Beech)
-Europe, China, Eastern North America
-Northern Hemisphere
-Good Soils
Temperate Grassland
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extreme than temperate deciduous forests)
-Limited amount of precipitation
-Frequent fires (no trees)
-Also called prairie or steppe
-Northern Hemisphere
-North America, Middle East, Europe, Asia
-Very fertile soils (used for agriculture)
Temperate Rainforest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)
-Large amount of precipitation (Less rain in winters)
-Coniferous Trees
-Provide lumber and paper
-Northern Hemisphere
-East coast of North America and Canada
-Fertile soils that are susceptible to land slides and erosion if forests are cleared
Tropical Rainforest
-Warm all year round
-Very high amount of precipitation (300-500 mm per month)
-Southern Hemisphere
-Central America, Africa, South America, Southeast Asia
-Great Biodiversity
-Poor, thin soils
Tropical Dry Forest/Tropical Deciduous Forest
-Warm all year round
-Extreme wet and dry seasons
-Wet summer (October to April) and dry winter (May, June, July, August, September)
-Southern Hemisphere
-India, Africa, South America, northern Australia
-Erosion-prone soils
Savanna (Tropical Grasslands)
-Slight seasonal variation (warmer in summer)
-Extreme wet and dry seasons
-Wet Summer (not as wet as tropical dry forest)
-Southern Hemisphere
-Isolated Trees
-Africa, South America, India, Australia
-Zebras, Giraffes, Gazelles
Desert
-Driest Biome
-Barely an rainfall
-Slight seasonal variation
-Saline soils
-Little Vegetation
-Temperatures drop at night
-Northern Hemisphere
-Africa, Mexico, Middle East, Asia
Tundra
-Coldest Biome
-Warmer in summers, but still cold (5 degrees celsius)
-Freezing in winters (-20 degrees celsius)
-Northern Hemisphere
-Dry
-Slightly wet summers
-Soil is permanently frozen (permafrost)
-Also occurs as alpine tundra at the tops of mountains
-Northern Europe, Northern Canada, Northern Asia, Greenland
Boreal Forest/Taiga/Coniferous Forest
-Largest Biome
-Northern Hemisphere
-Coniferous Trees (Pinecones)
-Cold. Cooler in summers (never above 20 degrees Celsius)
-Moderate Precipitation
-More wet in summer than winter
-Poor soils
-Moose, Wolves, Lynx, Bears
-Northern Europe, Canada, Northern Asia
Chaparral
-Densely thicketed
-Highly seasonal
-Cool, wet winters and warm, dry summers
-Induced by oceanic influences
-Northern Hemisphere
-California, Chile, Australia
-Frequent fires

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