Sociology Final- Gender and Sexuality
Terms in this set (22)
the biological differences between males and females
the social and cultural significance that we attach to the biological differences of sex
the tendency to cast men and women as opposites and place them in mutually exclusive categories.
"doing gender" - West and Zimmerman
gender is not what we are, but what we do, in social contexts where certain behaviors are expected and enforced based on cultural norms determined by one's sex.
the idea that men learn to play a full range of gender roles
the belief in social, economic, and political equality for women
1848/1920's, faced ridicule and scorn as they fought for legal and political equality for women. Susan B Anthony was arrested for trying to vote
-- ultimately granted women the right to vote in national elections in 1920
1960/1970, women fought for a name...
1980's fought the image of being uptight -- intersectionality
gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, and class must not be studied in isolation, because they have intermingled effects on our identity, knowledge, and outcomes
a category of sexual orientation that includes those who are sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex
a category of sexual orientation that includes those who are attracted to members of the same sex
a category of sexual orientation that includes those who are attracted to both men and women
people who appear to be biologically one sex but who identify with the gender of another
a term that sociologists use to describe the cultural presupposition that heterosexuality is the appropriate standard for sexual identity and practice and that alternative sexualities are deviant, abnormal. or wrong
the person in the family who bears responsibility for the completion of tasks, focuses on distant goals, and manages the external relationship between ones family and other social institutions
the person in the family who bears responsibility for the maintenance of harmony and internal emotional affairs
the ideology that one sex is superior to the other
a pattern of treatment that systematically denies a group access to resources and opportunities as part of societ's normal operations
women make about 77 percent that men make, the gap has been shrinking could be due to declining real wages for males
refers to the double burden of women who work outside the home and then do the majority of the housework and child care when they get home.
more women vote but more men hold elected offices