Excelsior U.S. History Z (Ch. 11) OLD DO NOT USE

STUDY
PLAY
nationalism
A devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.
militarism
the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy
allies
the defense alliance consisting of Russia, France and Great Britain
central powers
the defense alliance consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
Archduke Ferdinand
heir to the Austrian throne who was assassinated in Serbia in 1914 starting WWI.
no mans land
a barren expanse of mud pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire
trench warfare
when armies fight over each yard of territory
Lusitania
British ship sank by a German U-boat in 1915 killing over 1000 people and turning American opinion against Germany
Zimmerman note
a telegram from Germany to Mexico stating that Germany would support Mexico in war against the US.
Eddie Rickenbacker
"American ace of aces": famous fighter pilot who won the most victories
Selective Service Act
Act of Congress from 1917 which requires adult men to register for randomly selected military service
convoy system
a system where a large number of ships travel in a group for protection
American Expeditionary Force
American fighting force used in Europe
General John J. Pershing
Commander of the American Expeditionary Force who helped stop the German advance
Alvin York
famous war hero who single-handedly killed 25 Germans and captured 132 others
conscientious objector
a person who opposes warfare on moral grounds
armistice
a document declaring a truce
War Industries Board
US regulatory body established in 1917 which urged mass production and the elimination of waste to increase efficiency
Bernard M. Baruch
businessman in charge of the War Industries Board
propaganda
a kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
George Creel
a muckraking journalist who headed up America's propaganda agency
Espionage and Sedition Acts
two acts of Congress which allowed for fines and penalties for interfering or saying anything against the government or the war effort
Great Migration
the large-scale movement of hundreds of thousands of Southern blacks to cities in the north
fourteen points
the name and contents if the speech President Wilson gave to Congress
League of Nations
the international organization to address diplomatic crises like those that started the war
George Clemenceau
the French premier who wanted to avoid another German invasion
David Lloyd George
the British Prime Minister who won re-election under the slogan "make Germany pay"
Treaty of Versailles
the name of the treaty which created the provisions for the victors and set the consequences for the losers
reparations
payment for war damages
war-guilt clause
section of the treaty of versailles which forced Germany to admit sole responsibility for the war
Henry Cabot Lodge
the conservative senator who was suspicious of some of the provisions of the League of Nations