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14 terms

Unit 6: Learning (Observational)

STUDY
PLAY
Learning by observing and imitating others is called ___, or ___ ___. This form of learning (occurs/doesn't occur) in species other than our own.
modeling; social learning; occurs
Neuroscientists have found ___ ___ in the brain's ___ lobe that provide a neural basis for ___ learning. These neurons have been observed to fire when monkeys perform a simple task and when they ____. This type of neuron (has/hasn't) been found in human brains.
mirror neurons; frontal; observational; observe a task; has
By age ___, infants will imitate novel gestures. By age ___, they will imitate acts modeled on TV. Mirror neurons help give rise to children's ___ and their ___ ___ ___.
8-16 months; 14 months; empathy; theory of mind
The psychologist best known for research on observational learning is ___.
bandura
In one experiment, the child who viewed an adult punch an inflatable doll played (more/less) aggressively than the child who hasn't observed the adult.
more
Bandura believes people imitate a model because of ___ and ___, those received by the model as well as by imitators.
reinforcements; punishments
We are especially likely to imitate people we perceive as ___ to ourselves, as ___, or as ___.
similar; successful; admirable
Children will also model positive, or ___ behaviors. Models are also most effective when their words and actions are ___.
prosocial; consistent
Modeling may also have ___ effects. This fact may explain why ___ parents might have ___ children. However, ___ factors may also be involved.
antisocial; abusive; aggressive; biological
Children in developed countries spend more time ___ ___ than they spend in school.
watching TV
Compared with the real world, television depicts a much higher percentage of crimes as being ___ in nature.
violent
Correlational studies (link/don't link) watching television violence with violent behavior.
link
Correlation doesn't prove ___.However, most researchers believe that watching violence on television (does/doesn't) lead to aggressive behavior.
causation; does
The violence-viewing effect stems from several factors, including ___ of observed aggression and the tendency of prolonged exposure to violence to ___ viewers.
imitation; desensitize