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Arts and Humanities
Unit 2:Early Rome
Farley final exam review
Terms in this set (42)
Greece Vs Italy
Greeks were fisherman/ Sailors, did not have fertile soil, had many harbors and Invasion was difficult against the persions, also were oversea traders. Itlay had fertile soil so ilalians were farmers, had fewer harbors and invasion was easier, had more soldiers. Romans had bigger army and soldiers that the Greeks did, they had a Navy.
From the Ukraine, became the best farmers in Italy. Were farmers/Herdsman, brought horses and wheeled cart to Italy
From Asia Minor (Turkey), were warriors/engineers(construction), brought gladiators, chariots and roads.(they were engineers)
From Aegean Rim, went to souther Italy and Sicily, brought commerce and culture with them.
Trojan Prince who escapes Greater Greece, his son Ascanius founded the League of Latin Cities
Founded date of Rome
Romulus and Remus
Twins of the son of Mars, Both raised by a wolf who lost her litter, Romulus kills remus
Language in Rome
State of Rome (area around Rome)
People who lived in the mountains, hunters, gatherers, food forigers, live in the "spine" of Italy.
Era of rome when the Tarquin family ruled, lasted from 753 B.C.-509 B.C. when a revolution in 509 B.C occured
Era of Rome dominated by aristocrats(rich), they are conservative and liveral, lasted from 509 B.C. - 27 B.C
Era of Rome that laster from 27 B.C - 476 A.D
two elected annally, executive managers of the city.
command the army and govern the city
300 Aristocrats(position is for life), Policy advisors
White collar jobs, upper bureaucrats who dealt w/ money/budget, management of the city
Blue collar jobs, street repair, outside works, lower Bureaucrats.
Classified citizens for service, decide if people qualifty for government jobs and military jobs
elected ruler for 6 months during war, crisis, or emergency (romans adopted from athenians_
were rich peoples, were the employers
were NOT rich peoples, were the employees
2 of these on call 24/7, no vacatoin, 1 year term, a civic duty, has the power to investigate any patrician.
Plebeians built this, it is a ratifying body, cannot initiate legislation only "rubber stamp" what comes out of the senate.
Law of 12 tables
Code of laws, no written laws, in the assembly lobby, laws were read to you
Foundation of Romes success, Body shield, short thrusting swoards, rolling assult towers etc. makes Rome a super power
5000 men group, they all know each other and will stick together because of it
In Africa; Asian colony, Ethnically Pheonician, Pheonicia conquered, this place survived so Phoenicians went there.
First Punic War
Clash over sicily, independant syracuse fears Carthage, goes to Rome and falls to Rome, had commonality in culture etc.
Second Punic War
218-201 B.C., war talk for years and Rome gets jealous, Hannibal goes on offensive and does a surprise attack down the east coast, Battle of Cannae and Hannibal Wins.
Fifty pound bar of silver, standard for trade payment
Attacked romans at the balle of Cannae and wins, spends 15 years in Italy recruiting Italians who didnt want to be under Romans, allied with Phillip V of Macedonia
Battle in 216 B.C. that was the worst Roman defeat with a lose of 40K
defeated and killed in Spain, Hasdrubal was the victor.
was left by Hannibal to recruit spanish soldiers, wanted to go where Hannibal was in Italy, his army defeated in Spain, his head made a "trophy" to send to Hannibal, defeated by Scipio the Younger
Scipio the Younger
Son and nephew of the Scipio brothers, invaded North Africa(Carthage) defeats Hannibal and gets the "Africanus" name.
Battle Hannibal is defeated, Scipio "Africanus" is the victor and gets the credit. Hannibal escapes however
ruler of Macedonia
Roman attacks them and wins, Hannibal runas away again, Like he did in Zama
Political movement after Tiberius Graccus is assassinated
One of the two brothers assassinated because of reform ideas, friends of the poor, older brother Tiberius also killed because of attempt of reform.
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