Human trafficking represents a severe form of exploitation (labor or sexual) of another human being. At its most basic level, human trafficking is theft and violence.
fuelled by poverty and gender discrimination
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 was the first comprehensive Federal law to define human trafficking as:
a) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age
b) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.