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4th grade Joseph, Virginia Colony
Terms in this set (30)
What is a cash crop?
A crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers
What effect did agriculture have on the Virginia colony?
The economy of Virginia depended on agriculture as the primary source of wealth.
What is a synonym for agriculture?
Tobacco became the most profitable agricultural product. It was sold in England as a cash crop.
How did agriculture in the Virginia colony influence the institution of slavery?
The successful cultivation of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of labor (slaves).
African men, women, and children were brought to the Virginia colony against their will and enslaved to work on plantations. The Virginia colony became dependent on slave labor, and this dependence lasted a long time.
Culture of Colonial Virginia
Whenever people settle an area, they change the culture and landscape to reflect their beliefs, customs, and architecture. Examples include barns, homes, and churches.
Give some examples of place names reflecting culture
English - Richmond, Jamestown
American Indian - Roanoke, Potomac
Where did the English and other Europeans settle?
Primarily in the Coastal Plains (Tidewater) and the Piedmont regions.
Where did the Germans and Scots-Irish settle?
Primarily in the Shenandoah Valley, which was along the migration route.
Where did the Africans settle?
Primarily in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and the Piedmont region, where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor.
Where did the American Indians settle?
Before the arrival of the settlers, American Indians lived throughout Virginia. After the settlers arrived, most were forced inland.
Why did the capital move from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
1. Drinking water was contaminated by salt water.
2. Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases.
3. Fire destroyed wooden and brick buildings in Jamestown
Why did the capital move from Williamsburg to Richmond?
1. The population was moving westward
2. Richmond was a more central location
3. Moving to Richmond increased the distance from the sea and possible attack by the British
A medium of exchange (currency, which includes coins and paper bills)
Trading or exchanging of goods and services without the use of money
Buying a good or service now and paying for it later
A good or service owed to someone
Money put away to save or to spend at a later time
Colonial Virginia had no banks
What did people use to buy goods and services?
Few people had paper money or coins to use to buy goods and services. Barter was commonly used instead of money.
Tobacco and money
Tobacco was used as money. A tobacco farmer could use his tobacco to pay for goods and services.
Credit and Debt
Farmers and other consumers could also buy goods and services on credit and pay their debts when their crops were harvested and sold
How did resources influence food, housing, and clothing in colonial Virginia?
People living in colonial Virginia depended on natural, human, and capital resources to produce the goods and services they needed.
Food choices were very limited; Meals were made of local produce and meats.
Most people lived in one-room houses with dirt floors; Some people (farmers) lived in large houses
Households made their own clothes. Most clothing was made of cotton, wool, and/or leather.
Most white Virginians made their living from the land as small farmers. A few owned large farms (plantations).
Most enslaved African Americans worked tobacco, other crops, and livestock. Enslaved African Americans had no rights.
Many free African Americans owned their own businesses and property by were denied most rights.
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