Terms in this set (38)

"Night Cafe" Vincent Van Gogh

Subject matter: A small cafe lit by candlelight, A man stands by a pool table alone in the middle of a room while a group of two and a group of three congregate in opposite corners of the room. Most of the tables are adorned with a bottle of wine and several glasses as well.

Medium: Oil on Canvas

Form: Van Gogh utilizes impressionism which gives an abstract, or surreal, feel while not detracting from the realistic situation. The style lacks detail while giving enough to allow the viewer to make out general shapes and forms. He uses a tetrad color scheme with his tow primary colors being red and blue and his two secondary colors being green and orange.

Context: Van Gogh was a failing artist, while alive, and mostly wanted his paintings to be sold or to be hung, perhaps as a background piece in a bar or restaurant.

Meaning: The man in the middle seems to be a reflection of how Van Gough feels. He is alone near a pool table mid game almost as if the man has been abandoned like how Van Gogh feels about his life after becoming an artist. The people look dreary and far away from him reflecting how he views the cruelness of those around him and the segregation he feels between himself and them. The color selection he uses is soft, each one being almost non committal to which color it is. This may represent a conflict he feels with remaining an artist without success.

This piece relates to Gestalt psych by instilling a feeling of loneliness in the viewer, as well as giving a great example of tetrad color scheme.
I'm unsure if I'm to discuss the artist(s) or the piece in the book so I will tackle both.

The Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous group of women who are associated with the artistic society in a myriad of ways; historians, collectors, and even artists. The group is a social justice gathering who spend time and efforts to broadcast advertisements, videos, posters, and more things that are all charged to send political messages. The message they try to send is one of unity throughout the artistic world, promoting equal opportunity for art regardless of the artist's race, gender, or religion. The Guerrilla Girl's movement has been heavily postmodernist, featuring heavy usage of text as well as appropriation of some classical images.

"Do Women have to be Naked to get into the Metropolitan Museum?"

Subject Matter: A classical image of a nude woman, head replaced with that of a Gorilla. Text Reading "Do Women have to be naked to get into the met. museum? Less that 5% of the artists in the modern art sections are women, but 85% of the nudes are female."

Medium: Color Offset lithograph on illustration board (NGA.gov), Poster (Textbook)

Context: The Girl(s) wanted this piece to be displayed in as many public places as it could be. Billboards, train stations, museums, and more.

Meaning: The text gives a great deal of the meaning, that there is a vast gendered divide in what art is shown at the Met. This is a call to action to get more people of color and more women in the galleries. The Gorilla headed woman is an unofficial signature of the artist, "Guerrilla Girls."
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Flickr Creative Commons Images

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