Excelsior U.S. History Unit 4 (Ch. 13)


Terms in this set (...)

the Eighteenth Amendment during which time the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcoholic beverages was illegal. This was supported by The Women's Christian Temperance Union as a way to stop drinking and abuse, the rural residents of the country, as well as organized crime as they made tons of money from Prohibition. The law was repealed in part because there was not enough money in the budget to enforce the law, and in part because so few Americans supported the law because organized crime, bootleggers, and smugglers flourished under the law.
underground saloons and nightclubs were alcohol could be found
the nickname given to alcohol smugglers during prohibition
protestant movement grounded in a literal interpretation of the Bible
Clarence Darrow
the most famous trial lawyer of the day who was hired by the ACLU to defend John Scopes
Scopes trial
the platform used for the fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in schools. John Scopes wanted to abolish a Tennessee law that wouldn't allow evolution to be taught in schools.
an emancipated woman of the 1920's who embraced new fashion trends and clothing as well as urban attitudes. These women also embraced the idea that marriage can be an equal partnership, even if the housework and child-rearing remained work strictly for women.
double standard
A set of standards granting different freedoms and rights to some rather than to others, in particular to men instead of women in regards to social and moral standards.
Charles A. Lindbergh
famous pilot hero who made the first solo flight across the Atlantic
George Gershwin
famous concert music composer who blended traditional elements with jazz to create an identifiably American sound
Georgia O'Keeffe
famous artist who captured the grandeur of New York on intensely colored canvases
Sinclair Lewis
the first American to win a Nobel prize in literature
F. Scott Fitzgerald
famous novelist who wrote about wealthy and attractive people leading imperiled lives in gilded surroundings. He described the 1920s as the Jazz Age.
Edna St. Vincent Millay
poet who wrote about celebrating youth, a life of independence, and freedom from traditional constraints
Ernest Hemingway
famous writer expatriate who used a simplified tough style of writing that set a new literary standard
Zora Neale Hurston
worked hard to become a top literary figure in New York
James Weldon Johnson
leader of the NAACP who introduced antilynching bills to Congress
Marcus Garvey
founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association
Harlem Renaissance
a literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture
Claude McKay
a novelist and poet who wrote to urge African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination
Langston Hughes
the most famous poet of the Harlem Renaissance.
Paul Robeson
the actor who originated in London and later in New York in Shakespeare's Othello.
Louis Armstrong
perhaps the most important and influential musician in the history of jazz
Duke Ellington
the pianist and composer who led the orchestra at the famed Cotton Club night club in New York
Bessie Smith
a female blues singer who may have been the best vocalist of the decade
Lost Generation
Term popularized by Ernest Hemingway about writers who were critical of American culture.
Invention of Radio
The first device to allow all Americans the opportunity to hear the news as it was happening.
The Great Migration
The movement of African American people from the South to the northern cities.
Women and the Workplace
In the 1920s, women found more time available for work as children spent more time in school and other activities. This, and a booming economy, led to more opportunities. Many found work on assembly lines that had once been "men-only" jobs. However, few women rose to management, they were always paid less than men, and they were not always able to find paid work.