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EXAM #3 STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (43)
What new approaches to form did the Impressionists introduce and how were these trends continued in the work of the Post-Impressionists?
- Impressionism has broad visual approaches such as implied or playful brushwork. Or the use of perspective can be off.
- Post-impressionism continues various trends from impressionism, such as the implied brush strokes in Van Gogh's art work or the non use of linear perspective in Paul Cezanne's works.
What is "Primitivism" and how may the art of Paul Gauguin and Henri Matisse be understood to reflect primitivist interests?
Aka, primitive art. Primitivism is non-western and more in tune with primal aspects of nature.
Paintings of Gaugin's "Primitive" art was held to be more original, and therefore truer form of representation. It functioned as a sort of antidote to European artistic traditions (perceived as corrupt and decadent) in its perceived purity, innocence, and "natural" vitality from direct contact with nature
How may we characterize the art of Paul Cézanne? How did he build upon the work of Impressionist artists? What aspects of his art are evident in the work of Cubist artists, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque?
Cezanne's art was post-impressionist art, his art doesn't fit in with other impressionists. He made it not about the subject, but how it appears to the viewer. His art relates to cubist artist in the sense where he doesn't use linear perspective.
What is meant by the term "Modernism" in art? What interests do modern artists share?
a radical break with the past and the concurrent search for new forms of expression. Modernism fostered a period of experimentation in the arts. Social change, and the desire to break away from the classic interpretation of how art should be.
What is "modern" about the sculpture of Auguste Rodin?
the fact that his art was decorative, formulaic, and highly thematic. His most traditional work departed from classical or mythological themes and focused more on the sculpture as an individual. He also anti-idealized his figures, which was something not done in classical art.
Why was the early 20th century a period of such intense creative development? What scientific, technological, and intellectual developments motivated the creation of so many different forms of visual expression?
The birth of motion picture, the first publications of Freud, wired telephone and telegraph, and x-rays. WW1 and WW2 went on at the the time, which called for many artists to respond to these events, this was both in positive and negative ways. From this many artistic movements began. For example, WW1 gave birth to more cutting edge avant-garde. This also gave birth to the first Technological warfare, such as rapid power machine guns, poisoness gas, and overall WOD (weapons of destruction). This also causes for new intellectual movements such as rappel a l'ordre(return to order) which was the idea of returning to classic humanist themes and reject this new abstract art.(this lasted until WW2.
What visual interests typify Fauvism? How do Fauve artists use color?
Means wild beast. It's commonly associated with landscapes, cityscapes, and has a small category for figures. Fauvists use wild colors and don't match them with reality.
Who invented Cubism? What formal elements characterize Cubist art works?
Paul Cezanne. The idea of breaking down shapes and then putting them back together. Considered, the flattening of space. There is not a single viewing point.
Discuss the impact of World War I on the development of art in Europe and North America. How was DADA a reaction to this conflict? Surrealism?
Caused for cutting edge avant-garde, such as cubism. It also causes for the art movement called DADA, which is a movement that challenges the Art world, also considered as anti-art since it protested against traditional aesthetic. DADA was used as a protest against the war. Surrealism was a constructive movement that explored gender, fear of death, and animal vs human.
How is Surrealism different from DADA?
Surrealism was more of a constructive movement that was actually considered a style, while DADA is not a style, it was a movement that was meant to challenge art, and was even thought of as anti-art that purposely tried to offend people.
What is De Stijl? What was Mondrian's role in the development of this movement?
The Style, was an art movement that focused on ultimate simplicity and abstraction through harmony and order. Mondrian, was associated with De Stijil since it was abstract paintings that creates a series of images and only uses primary colors, black, and white, and arranges colors to create balance, which is ideal for De stijil.
What innovations did early 20th century architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, introduce in his buildings?
Japanese architecture, that would engage with nature
Why did New York become the new center of the Western art world following World War II?
Because artists from Europe during WWll had to flee to America, due to anti-avant-garde leaders such as Hitler. NY also had a strong press that published news about these artists.
How did Picasso's Guernica function as social protest?
It was a response to the Spanish Civil War against the Nazi party.after they bombed Spain.
What is Abstract Expressionism? What visual and ideological interests did Abstract Expressionists share?
subjective emotional expression with particular emphasis on the creative spontaneous act. Non-representational, performance art
What is Pop Art? How does Pop Art engage with commodity culture? How does Pop Art differ from DADA and NEO-DADA in its use of commercial products?
it drew closer to life, but life as it had already been transformed into images that derive from media and advertising. Commodity, being a symbol of democracy, blends perfectly with pop-art since it's the spawn of American culture. This art does not challenge the art world as DADA and NEO-DADA does, neither is it anti-art.
What is meant by the term "Post-Modern"? How may works of the late 20th century be understood in these terms?
it purposely broke with the normal, or international style of things in art. For example, Georges Pompidou National Center of Art and Culture, is a building that was built to purposely be inside out.
What did artists do from 1955 to 1965 to bring the real world into their art?
How did the Conceptual artists eliminate the art object?
It raises questions about representation, includes lightweight and ordinary themes, and echoes ideas from DADA.
What is Performance Art?
to break all connection with objects, almost like theater, and is tied to abstract expressionism.
How did the activism of the 1960's influence art?
What are some of the issues New Media artists address in their art?
"Primitive" art was held to be more original, and therefore truer form of representation, It functioned as a sort of antidote to European artistic traditions (perceived as corrupt and decadent)
it doesn't focus on shape, but more on color, it uses wild colors and don't match them with reality.
The idea of breaking down shapes and then putting them back together. Considered, the flattening of space. There is not a single viewing point.
to break down objects in art, as if they were examining different parts of the object. Not a lot of color, more monochromatic.
the goal is to create a symbolic image, often uses collage technique.
uses colors of fauvism and form of cubism, and creates art with burning emotion.
celebrates WWl, they wanted to rid the world of art from the past and see the industrialism of Italy, since they celebrated industrialism's destructive nature.
post-impressionist artist who inspired cubism, he makes his art not about subject, but about how it appears to the viewer.
which is a movement that challenges the Art world, also considered as anti-art since it protested against traditional aesthetic
ordinary manufactured objects that the artist selected and modified, as done by Duchamp in his work, "Fountain".
constructive movement that focused on pleasure, depth, fetishes,the uncanny, exploration of gender, fear of death, and etc.
was an art movement that focused on ultimate simplicity and abstraction through harmony and order.
subjective emotional expression with particular emphasis on the creative spontaneous act.
a technique and style of abstract painting in which paint is randomly splashed, thrown, or poured on the canvas.
art that was hated by Hitler, which included modern art or avant-garde art that strayed from classical art.
Color Field Painting
characterized primarily by large fields of flat, solid color spread across or stained into the canvas creating areas of unbroken surface and a flat picture plane.
it drew closer to life, but life as it had already been transformed into images that derive from media and advertising.
making objects understood to represent nothing but themselves.
it breaks all connection with objects, often associated with theater, and is tied to abstract expressionism.
works that have direct intervention with a location or landscape.
artistic recycling, the idea that all art belongs to everyone.
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