Terms in this set (12)
Both Han and Roman societies existed between 600 BCE and 600 CE, and they each created legacies, specifically technological advancements, that left influences long after both empires faded. Both of these societies were very deeply involved in trade, especially along the Silk Roads, so new technological developments were utilized to expedite production to improve trade as well as other technology.
Roman and Han societies both had varying attitudes and views towards technology. For those in the Han dynasty, technology was viewed as necessary and important by government officials, as benefitting the common people immensely in a government history, as improving production by upper class philosophers, and finally, more negatively viewed as by another Han official as producing tools with decreased quality. Roman attitudes follow a similar pattern. Technology is viewed as efficient and useful, helping all classes, by a Roman governor and general, and again as useful and beautiful for all classes by a Roman high official, and finally, as degrading labor for upper class citizens, and only something adequate for the lower class by another Roman political leader.
The Han dynasty developed varying attitudes relating to new advances in technology. Many government officials and philosophers had a positive view towards technology because of its increased efficiency, benefits for the common people, and necessity in society. However, other officials viewed it as creating lower quality goods and having a negative effect on peasants.
The point of view for this document is from an upper class philosopher's perspective. This is apparent in the document because the author uses specific statistics in the document and speaks of the technology and its effects very factually, like a philosopher. In addition, there is no mention of the poor and the effects on them because the author is upper class.
A piece of outside information adding to the claim that the Han dynasty produced and developed lots of technology that was both necessary and efficient for all citizens, creating positive attitudes is the invention of an improved yoke. This yoke didn't put pressure on the animal's windpipe, and it made for much more productive farming for peasants, which helped with prices for the rich.
The point of view of the author, Frontius, in this document was that he was a Roman general, governor of Britain, and water commissioner for Rome. This meant he had a lot of involvement with the aqueducts, which may possibly explain his extremely high praise. He views his work as superior to other civilizations' most likely due to his pride for his own.
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Study the entries and use them to complete the question that follow.
The suffix -ify means "to make."
The suffix -ion means "act of," "state of," or "result of."
The suffix -ist means "one who does" or "follower of. "
The suffix -ous means "full of."
Use the provided prefixes and suffixes to change each word so that it completes the sentence correctly. Then, keeping in mind that prefixes and suffixes sometimes change the part of speech, identify the part of speech of the new word by circling N for a noun, V for a verb, or ADJ for an adjective.
(libel) Though it was not truthful, the _____ article in the magazine ruined the actor's reputation. N V ADJ
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