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Terms in this set (50)
The protein molecule that is found in red blood cells that transports oxygen to body cells is called
Consuming a diet that follows the DASH pattern lowers blood pressure in individuals with elevated blood pressure even when sodium levels are not severely restricted.
Outward symptoms of hypertension include which of the following?
There are no outward symptoms.
Which of the following is not a trace mineral?
Diets that are high in ____ are associated with an increased incidence of hypertension.
Vegetarians have a separate RDA for iron due to their limited consumption of non heme iron.
A goiter occurs as a result of deficiency of
Dried fruits are good sources of which of the following minerals?
Iron and Potassium
Most people in the US need to _____ their sodium intake and _____ their potassium intake to meet recommendations for a healthy diet.
A major mineral is one that
Is needed in the diet in amounts greater than 100 milligrams per day
A deficiency of a trace mineral is just as damaging to your health as a deficiency of a major mineral.
If you cut back on your salt intake, you will find that your taste buds become more sensitive to the presence of salt, and foods taste saltier.
A healthy blood pressure is _____ mm of mercury.
Which of the following is FALSE about hypertension?
Dietary intake of sodium, but not magnesium or calcium, affects blood pressure.
A _________bond joins amino acids together
If a person consumes 65 grams of protein and a total of 2700 kcalories per day.
approximately what percentage of energy would be derived from protein?
The three-dimensional shape of a protein is impacted by all of the following EXCEPT the
The number of essential amino acids.
Which of the following represents the correct sequence of steps that occur in protein synthesis?
Transcription → mRNA takes genetic code to ribosomes → translation
Why is protein-energy malnutrition more common in children than adults?
The child's stomach cannot digest protein from the stomach
The role of hydrochloric acid in protein digestion is to
Denature the protein
After a hamburger is eaten, in what organ is the hydrolysis of its protein body in
There are certain conditions under which some of the nonessential amino acids cannot be synthesized to meet the body's needs.
When this occurs these amino acids are referred to as ____ amino acids.
How many different kind of amino acids make up proteins?
Which of the following is the best description of nutrients provided by animal protein sources:in fiber; in saturated fat and cholesterol; in readily absorbed forms of iron, zinc, and calcium?
Low; High; High
Please pair the question and answer
__1__. A large protein that carries oxygen
__2__. Fluid situated between cells
__5__. Fluid within blood vessels
__3__. A connective tissue protein
__4__. Describes protein exposed to severe heat
Excessive amounts of vitamin E in your body increase the risk of hemorrhage
Calcium supplements are warranted for all age groups because a normal diet will not provide adequate amounts
Vitamin K is a component of two light-sensitive proteins essential for vision.
The DASH diet plan was devised to prevent
Sulfur, phosphorus, and magnesium are all considered major minerals
Although osteoporosis is often thought of as a condition of the elderly, it has its roots in childhood.
Prolonged heat from cooking will destroy water-soluble vitamins
Which vitamin is essential for blood clotting?
One of the best ways to reduce your chances of catching a cold is to take vitamin C supplements.
Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder that severely reduces iron absorption
Which vitamin helps bone health by regulating calcium and phosphorus?
Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of potassium
Which of the following does NOT accurately describe vitamins?
Eating meat with vegetables will increase the absorption of the nonheme iron from the vegetables.
Which of the following vitamins travels in a micelle along with bile and fatty acids?
A person's highest bone density is achieved by around age ( years)
person seeking good sources of vitamin A would select all of the following except
A feeling of dehydration despite having consumed significant amounts of fluids may be an indicator of a condition known as hyponatremia
What percentage of a person's total sodium intake derives from naturally occurring food sodium?
Carotenodermia is a serious toxic reaction to an overdose of vitamin A
The adult equivalent of rickets is called osteomalacia.
In general, hypertension is characterized by having a diastolic pressure above 120 and a systolic pressure above 80.
Individuals with dark skin require less time in the sun than people with lighter skin in order to self-synthesize vitamin D.
Which vitamin is synthesized by intestinal bacteria?
Protein-rich foods are good sources of tryptophan and thus of riboflavin.
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