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56 terms

Chapter 9-16

STUDY
PLAY
Compared to poverty in the United States, poverty throughout the world as a whole is more widespread and more severe.
True
During the twentieth century, the standard of living in high-income countries, where the Industrial Revolution took place, increased dramatically.
True
Global inequality is partly a problem of technology, and it is also a political issue
True
According to dependency theory, poor countries have become dependent on rich nations because
they sell raw materials to rich nations
Compared to poverty in the United States, poverty throughout the world as a whole is more widespread and more severe
True
According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of _____.
traditional; high mass consumption
Which world region contains the largest percentage of the world's street children?
Latin America
In Walt Rostow's model of economic development, the first stage before the modernization process begins is called "take-off stage."
False
Modernization theory was created as a criticism of U.S. foreign policy
False
In middle-income nations, average personal income is in the range of
$2,500 and $12,000
In the world's lowest-income nations, two in ten children born die by the age of
Five
In low-income nations, the majority of the people live in villages and small towns where farming is the most common way to make a living
True
Modernization theory claims that
the main causes of poverty involve culture and technology
In Walt Rostow's model of economic development, the first stage before the modernization process begins is called "take-off stage."
False
The poorest 20 percent of the world's people live on just 2 percent of the world's income
True
Some forms of marriage found in the world today amount to slavery
True
Which type of slavery refers to one person owning another?
Chattel slavery
Some forms of marriage found in the world today amount to slavery
True
Although poverty continues, the world has ended the practice of slavery
False
From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where
population increase is highest
Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has
Increased
3. Japan, Canada, and the nations of Western Europe are all classified as
high-income countries
The concept of "neocolonialism" refers to the process by which
multinational corporations exploit the economy of a poor country
Global inequality is partly a problem of technology, and it is also a political issue
True
Typically, people in low-income countries do more physical labor, but they consume fewer calories than people in rich nations
True
Of the roughly 1 billion people in the world who are living in absolute poverty, what percentage are women?
70 percent
"Las Colonias" refers to settlement
All of these are correct
8. Which type of slavery refers to one person owning another?
Chattel Slavery
One of the countries listed below is NOT a high-income nation. Which one is it?
South Africa
In past centuries, European nations colonized countries in
All of these are correct
Which of the following is an important exception to male domination of the U.S. workplace?
Women now own more than 10 million entrepreneurial businesses
Most cases of female genital mutilation occur in
Africa
The concept of "comparable worth" means that
people should be paid according to the level of skill and responsibility involved in the work
Comparing the performances of female and male athletes over time shows
women have been closing the gap with men in most athletic performances
In general, western states have a higher percentage of legislators who are women than southern states
True
In the United States today, women working for income is the rule rather than the exception
True
A majority of U.S. women in which of the following categories enter the labor force?
All of these are correct
In the United States, on average, males live longer than females
False
Women earn what share of all associate's and bachelor's degrees in the United States?
59 percent
While playing in peer groups, girls are less likely to play the "win-lose" games favored by boys
True
Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
Gender roles
The concept of gender refers to
the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male
Sexual harassment is an important social issue because
half of working women report receiving unwanted sexual attention
Minority women are more economically disadvantaged than white women
True
What is the form of social organization in which females dominate males
matriarchy
George Murdock found that, in the case of many tasks, what one society considers "masculine" another may consider "feminine.
True
On average, young men show greater ____ ability than young women; young women show greater _____ ability than young men
mathematical; verbal
On average, do women or men live longer?
On average, women outlive men by about five years
The concept of "comparable worth" means that
people should be paid according to the level of skill and responsibility involved in the work
A social-conflict account of the history of gender stratification was developed by Friedrich Engels.
True
A social-conflict account of the history of gender stratification was developed by Friedrich Engels.
True
Today, women represent ______ of all students on college campuses across the United States.
57 percent
Looking back over U.S. history, we see a general trend by which women
Have gained opportunities and power
Traditional conceptions paint masculine and feminine in opposing terms
True
Structural-functional analysis points out that industrialization encourages
growing gender equality.
Liberal feminism seeks the elimination of gender itself
False