51 terms

Career Final

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Terms in this set (...)

Definition of career
A lifestyle concept more than just work
Super's definition of career
A course of events constituting a life
Herr's definition of career
The total constellation of roles played over the course of a lifetime
Difference between job and career
People can have the same job but the meanings and life roles they associate with it make a career
What was occupation in early times?
Occupation started to replace work as a way to signify status
Career counseling is a formal relationship in which...
...a professional counselor assists a client or group of clients to cope more effectively with career concerns
Career counseling is used to...
-Establish rapport with client
-Assess career concerns
-Establish goals for counseling relationship
-Intervene in ways that help clients cope more effectively with career concerns
-Evaluate clients' progress
Counseling is appropriately used when counselors...
-Move to viewing career decisions as values-based decisions
-Move beyond only objective assessments
-Move to counseling-based career assistance
-Stronger emphasis on multicultural career development theories and interventions
-Move to focusing on multiple life roles
-Move to advocating for social justice
Tools for job exploration
-O*Net
-Occupational Outlook Handbook
-NCDA Resources
-Careerwise
-Military Jobs
-UMN Career Services
-Focus 2
-Kuder
What does CACGS stand for?
Computer Assisted Career Guidance Systems
Types of CACGS
-Websites
-Integrated career planning systems
-Virtual career centers
-Mobile phone apps
-Social media
-Distance counseling
Western values in career counseling
-Individualism and autonomy
-Affluence
-Structure of opportunity to all
-Centrality of work in people's lives
-Linearity, progressiveness, and rationality
Etic definition
Maintain that career interventions for members of minority groups should be the same as those used for the majority
Emic definition
Highlight the importance of offering career development interventions that are specific to the client's culture
Life-Span, Life-Space Theory person
Donald Super
3 elements of Super's theory
-Life span
-Life space
-Self-concept
Super's 5 life and career development stages
-Growth
-Exploration
-Establishment
-Maintenance
-Decline
Career maturity theory and definition
Life span, Life space - The career decision-making readiness of children and adolescents
Career adaptability theory and definition
Life span, Life space - the career decision making readiness of adults
Describe life span
Addresses the longitudinal expression of career behavior and includes the stages of growth
Describe Life space
Acknowledges that people differ in the degree of importance they attach to work as it is expressed via different life roles
Describe self-concept
Career decisions reflect our attempts at translating our self-understanding into career terms
Super assessments
-Career Development Inventory
-Adult Career Concerns Inventory
-Salience Inventory
-Values Scale
-Self-Directed Search
John Holland's 6 personality types
-Realistic
-Investigative
-Conventional
-Artistic
-Social
-Enterprising
Differentiation theory and definition
Holland - The degree of difference between a person's resemblance to one type and to other types: the shape of a profile of interests
Congruence theory and definition
Holland - The degree of fit between an individual's personality type and current or prospective work environment
Consistency theory and definition
Holland - The degree of relatedness between types
Vocational identity theory and definition
Holland - possession of a clear and stable picture of one's goals, interests, and talent
Describe Personality Theory of Career Choice
Unmet needs become important motivators in the occupational choices people make
Personality Theory of Career Choice person
Anne Roe
Roe's 3 primary modes of child rearing environments
-Emotional concentration (overprotection-overdemanding)
-Avoidance (neglecting needs)
-Acceptance (physical and psychological needs are met)
Circumscription, Compromise, and Self-Creation person
Linda Gottfredson
Circumscription theory and definition
Circumscription, Compromise, and Self-Creation - The process of eliminating unacceptable occupational alternatives based primarily on gender and social class
Circumscription stages of development
1. Orientation to size and power
2. Orientation to sex roles
3. Orientation to social valuation
4. Orientation to the internal, unique self
Gottfredson's criteria for determining a counselee's restriction of options
-Able to name one or more occupational options
-Possesses interests and abilities adequate for the occupation(s) chosen
-Satisfied with the alternatives identified
-Has not unnecessarily restricted alternatives
-Is aware of opportunities and realistic about obstacles
Compromise theory and definition
Circumscription, Compromise, and Self-Creation - The process of modifying career choices due to limiting factors
Holland assessment instruments
-Self-Directed Search
-Vocational Preference Inventory
-My Vocational Situation
-Position Classification Inventory
Learning Theory of Career Counseling person
Krumboltz
LTCC: Counselors help clients cope with career concerns in what 4 ways?
-Expand their capabilities and interests
-Prepare them for changing work tasks
-Empower them to take action
-Play a major role in dealing with all career problems
Application of LTCC
-Goal clarification
-Cognitive restructuring
-Cognitive rehearsal
-Narrative analysis
-Role playing
-Desensitization
-Paradoxical intention
-Humor
LTCC primary assessment
Career beliefs inventory
Career Construction Theory person
Savickas
3 Career Construction Theory perspectives
-Differential
-Developmental
-Dynamic
Integrative Life Planning person
Hansen
Integrative Life Planning assumptions
-Career professionals should help their clients think holistically about their lives
-Comprehensive life planning in the 21st century should blend self-knowledge and knowledge about society
-Career professionals are agents for positive change
6 career development tasks confronting adults
-Finding work that needs doing in changing global contexts
-Weaving our lives into a meaningful whole
-Connecting family and work
-Valuing pluralism and inclusivity
-Managing personal transitions and organizational change
-Exploring spirituality and life purpose
Social Cognitive Career Theory people (3)
Lent, Brown, and Hackett
Self-Efficacy theory and definition
SCCT - one's judgments of their capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to attain designated types of performances
Triadic Reciprocal Model - describe and give theory
SCCT -
-Personal attributes
-External environmental factors
-Learning experiences
4 assumptions of the Cognitive Information Processing approach
-Career decision making involves the interaction between cognitive and affective processes
-Capacity for career problem solving depends on the availability of cognitive operations and knowledge
-Career development is ongoing and knowledge structures continually evolve
-Enhancing information processing skills is the goal of career counseling
3 dimensions of CIP
-Pyramid of information processing
-CASVE cycle of decision-making skills
-Executive processing domain