25 terms


AP psychology emotion
primary emotions
emotions considered to be universal and biologically based; they generally include fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt
secondary emotions
blends of primary emotions, including states such as remorse, guilt, submission, and anticipation
facial feedback
the effect of facial expressions on experienced emotions, as when a facial expression of anger or happiness intensifies feelings of anger or happiness
mood contagion
the spillover of one's positive or negative moods onto others or other situations
polygraph machines
lie detector tests; if guilty will have increased activity in autonomic system (sweat/heartbeat); not reliable
James-Lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
Cannon-Bard theory
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) physiological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion
Schacter's Two factor theory
in order to experience emotion, one must first be physically aroused and able to cognitively label the arousal
Temporal sequence theory
go through repeated cycles of appraisal and reappraisal when confronted with a new stimulus (dog bite/friendly); the emotion we feel is a direct result of the appraisal
emotion work
expression of an emotion, often because of a role requirement, that a person does not really feel
display rules
cross-cultural guidelines for how and when to express emotions
sources of stress
stress reactions
the physical, psychological, and behavioral responses that occur in the face of a stressor
transient stressors
temporary challenges
chronic stressors
Threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily apparent time limit
Thomas Holmes/ Richard Rahe
early stress researchers who developed the idea of major life event stressors and th Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) to measure stress
Social Readjustment Rating Scale
A basic scale created by Holmes and Rache to measure the amount of stress.
Hans Seyle
The father of "modern stress theory." Defined eustress and distress. Stated that stress is a mutual action of forces in the body.General Adaptation Syndrome
Richard Lazarus
agrees that cognition is essential: Many important emotions arise from our interpretations or interferences.
Type A personality
Personality characterized by (1) a strong competitive orientation, (2) impatience and time urgency, and (3) anger and hostility.
Type B personality
Personality characterized by relatively relaxed, patient, easygoing, amicable behavior.
Martin Seligman
researcher known for work on learned helplessness and learned optimism as well as positive psychology
optimistic explanatory style
Accounting for negative events or situations with external, unstable, and specific explanations
pessimistic explanatory style
Accounting for negative events or situations with internal, stable, and global explanations
a release of emotional tension