~2600 species in ~202 genera!
Long-lived woody monocotyledons!
Ancient land plants with fossils dating back ~85 million years!
Most species have a prominent trunk!
Distinctive crown of leaves at the aerial growing end!
Leaves are palmately or pinnately compound!
More than 2/3 of palm species grow in rainforests!
Some, such as date palm, live in dry, open habitats
Destruction of habitat
At least 100 species are recognized as endangered!
9 species have recently become extinct
Uses - food (coconut, dates, palm oil), clothing, timber, fuel, !
building materials, fibers, starch, oils, waxes
All of Pennsylvania and West Virginia!
Mountains, plateaus and valleys of: New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North
Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Ohio,
In northern areas, it is a transition between NE and Central hardwood regions!
In southern areas, extends eastward to coastal plain.!
Climate varies widely from N-S!
Precipitation increases from north to south and with elevation!
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests - This ecoregion represents one
of the most biologically diverse temperate regions in the world. 95% of
the habitat has been converted or degraded